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Illinois State Capitol, Springfield

Categories: Government Buildings, Tourist Spots
Inspirock Rating:
4.2/5 based on 420+ reviews on the web
The Illinois State Capitol, located in Springfield, Illinois, is the building that houses the executive and legislative branches of the government of the U.S. state of Illinois. The current structure is the sixth to serve as capitol since Illinois became a part of the United States in 1818. The capitol is in the architectural style of the French Renaissance and was designed by Cochrane and Garnsey, an architecture and design firm based in Chicago. Ground was first broken for the new capitol on March 11, 1869, and it was completed twenty years later for a total cost of $4,500,000. The dome is covered in zinc to provide a silvery facade which does not weather. The interior of the dome features a plaster frieze painted to resemble bronze, which illustrates scenes from Illinois history, and stained glass windows (including a stained glass replica of the state seal in the oculus of the dome). The seal featured in the top of the dome is the seal used by Illinois prior to the American Civil War. It differs from the modern seal in that the phrase "State Sovereignty" is above the phrase "National Union." After the Civil War, the legislature voted to reverse these phrases as they professed that National Union was the more important of these two concepts.
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  • All about volunteerism, our group held our annual National Recognition Day on Wednesday, October 12, 2016 at the Springfield Convention Center. Spearheaded by Executive Director Scott McFarland, the m...  read more »
  • It was most interesting to learn more about how state legislature comes into being. The guide was very clear and inteesting and pointed out Obama's seat as well as telling us lots about the history of...  read more »
  • Last of the 10 state Capitols we saw on our trip and it was a great one to finish on. Lovely building with great gardens and well worth the stop. 
  • The most beautiful state Capitol I've been to. Ive been to about 10 others and none compare to the size, intricacy, ornateness and luxury of the Illinois capitol. Daily tours dip a good job describing just how grandiose it really is. Wish there was a tour up into the dome
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