Malakoff Diggins State Historic Park, Nevada City

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Malakoff Diggins State Historic Park is a state park unit preserving the largest hydraulic mining site in California, United States. The mine pit and several Gold Rush-era buildings were listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the Malakoff Diggins-North Bloomfield Historic District. The "canyon" is 7000ft long, as much as 3000ft wide, and nearly 600ft deep in places. Visitors can see huge cliffs carved by mighty streams of water, results of the mining technique of washing away entire mountains of gravel to wash out the gold. The park is a 26mi drive north-east of Nevada City, California, in the Gold Rush country. The 3143acre park was established in 1965.HistoryThe Malakoff mine pit on the San Juan Ridge is the impetus for one of the nation's first environmental protection measures. In 1850 there was little gold left in streams. Miners began to discover gold in old riverbeds and on mountainsides high above the streams. In 1851 three miners headed northeast of what is now Nevada City for a less crowded area to prospect. One miner went back to town with a pocket full of gold nuggets for supplies and was followed back by many prospectors. These followers, however, did not find any gold and declared the area "Humbug", thus the stream was so named "Humbug Creek". Around 1852, settlers began to arrive in the area and the town of "Humbug" sprang up. These miners could not decide how to move the dirt to a place where there was water.
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  • This is truly an interesting place to visit. Some of the houses look like they were left exactly as they were. I found it to be a little spooky because you could almost feel the ghosts of the place ar...  more »
  • This was a place of beauty not sure what happened in the fires. A must see for all who travel to Northern California  more »
  • So impressed by the scope of the attempt to extract gold Fr the earth. We had no idea that certain groups went to great extremes to pull gold from the earth.  more »

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