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Kilauea Volcano, Island of Hawaii

4.2
Kīlauea is a currently active shield volcano in the Hawaiian Islands, and the most active of the five volcanoes that together form the island of Hawaii. Located along the southern shore of the island, the volcano is between 300,000 and 600,000 years old and emerged above sea level about 100,000 years ago. It is the second youngest product of the Hawaiian hotspot and the current eruptive center of the Hawaiian–Emperor seamount chain. Because it lacks topographic prominence and its activities historically coincided with those of Mauna Loa, Kīlauea was once thought to be a satellite of its much larger neighbor. Structurally, Kīlauea has a large, fairly recently formed caldera at its summit and two active rift zones, one extending 125km east and the other 35km west, as an active fault of unknown depth moving vertically an average of 2to per year.Kīlauea's eruptive history has been a long and active one; its name means "spewing" or "much spreading" in the Hawaiian language, referring to its frequent outpouring of lava. The earliest lavas from the volcano date back to its submarine preshield stage, samples having been recovered by remotely operated underwater vehicles from its submerged slopes; samples of other flows have been recovered as core samples. Lavas younger than 1,000 years cover 90 percent of the volcano's surface. The oldest exposed lavas date back 2,800 years. The first well-documented eruption of Kīlauea occurred in 1823 (Western contact and written history began in 1778), and since that time the volcano has erupted repeatedly. Most historical eruptions have occurred at the volcano's summit or its eastern rift zone, and are prolonged and effusive in character. The geological record shows, however, that violent explosive activity predating European contact was extremely common, and in 1790 one such eruption killed over 80 warriors; should explosive activity start anew the volcano would become much more of a danger to humans. Kīlauea's current eruption dates back to January 3, 1983, and is by far its longest-duration historical period of activity, as well as one of the longest-duration eruptions in the world; as of January 2011, the eruption has produced 3.5km3 of lava and resurfaced 123.2km2 of land.
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Kilauea Volcano Reviews
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TripAdvisor Traveler Rating 4.5
113 reviews
Google
4.1
TripAdvisor
  • Thought from that volcano climbing Mountain, but in the car climbs rolling a straight path. You could Crater Volcano Observatory, still working in a national park.
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  • Take a trip to view an active volcano up close and personal. You get a great view of the simmering volcano on the grounds of the Thomas A. Jaggar Museum.  more »
  • During the day, you can see the steam from the lava rising from the crater and other steam vents in the park. But the lava is usually not visible. At sunset, the lava glows in the crater and you can s...  more »
Google
  • Come see the Volcano and park during the day and make sure to visit it at night as the glow is amazing to see!
  • This place is gorgeous. The terrain almost looks martian but on our own planet. You can also view live, flowing lava from a certain spot. I recommend renting a bike since the walk is a little tough. Get a good bike, though. The views are stunning and the geography ever-changing. I highly recommend going here.
  • Active volcano built on the southeastern slope of Mauna Loa features a caldera approximately 4 by 3.2 kilometers wide
  • Nifty place really cool to see at night glowing and all. Cannot get to close when I was there because of fumes and instability. Do you get to see it from afar.
  • The best thing you will ever see. Make sure you stay at Volcanoes National Hotel!
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