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Salmon Ruins, Farmington

(4.2/5 based on 95+ reviews on the web)
Salmon Ruins is an ancient Chacoan and Pueblo site located in the northwest corner of New Mexico, USA. Salmon was constructed by migrants from Chaco Canyon around 1090 CE, with 275 to 300 original rooms spread across three stories, an elevated tower kiva in its central portion, and a great kiva in its plaza. Subsequent use by local Middle San Juan people (beginning in the 1120s) resulted in extensive modifications to the original building, with the reuse of hundreds of rooms, division of many of the original large, Chacoan rooms into smaller rooms, and emplacement of more than 20 small kivas into pueblo rooms and plaza areas. The site was occupied by ancient Pueblo people until the 1280s, when much of the site was destroyed by fire and abandoned (Reed 2006b). The pueblo is situated on the north bank of the San Juan River, just to the west of the modern town of Bloomfield, New Mexico, and about 45mi north of Pueblo Bonito in Chaco Canyon. The site was built on the first alluvial terrace above the San Juan River floodplain.The ruins of Salmon Pueblo were excavated between 1970 and 1979, under the direction of Cynthia Irwin-Williams, PhD, of Eastern New Mexico University, in partnership with the San Juan County Museum Association (Irwin-Williams 2006, p. 17-27). The San Juan Valley Archaeological Program resulted in the excavation of slightly more than one-third of Salmon's ground floor rooms. More than 1.5 million artifacts and samples were recovered from Salmon. In 1980, Irwin-Williams and co-principal investigator Phillip Shelley wrote, compiled, and edited a multivolume, 1,500-page report. The document fulfilled the reporting requirements for the series of grants under which the project had been completed but it was not intended for publication. Throughout the 1980s, Irwin-Williams and Shelley worked on a modified and greatly reduced manuscript, with the goal of producing a publishable report. This work ended with the untimely passing of Cynthia Irwin-Williams in 1990.
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Reviews
TripAdvisor
  • I went on thier archeology tour of Chaco Canyon. It was a fantastic day tour of this site. The tour guide was fantastic. She was extremely knowledgeable on the site, the area, the culture and the peop...  more »
  • Thes Salmon Ruins are a short distance away from Aztec national monument, and really should be viewed as the other have of local native history . Salmon has never been completely researched, and the p...  more »
  • The Salmon Ruins is a important and unique place, but it seems to be lacking the necessary resources to properly maintain and exhibit the sight to its full potential. The staff is friendly and well in...  more »
Google
  • I drove by this place for 25+ years during my career in NM and never stopped. I'm retired now and was traveling with my wife to Farmington for a meeting her organization is having there. I tried to talk her out of stopping, but thinking of the times I didn't stop, I stopped. I'm glad I did. I've read some of the other reviews and I agree. Some of the exhibits are a little tired, and I was also after 3 1/2 hours walking, but it was fun. I would say to the older crowd, drive down to the parking lot below after viewing the exhibits close to the road as the switch backs from the road can be difficult. Also, best to be enjoyed in 65 to 75 degree weather.
  • I thought it was a very cool! The kids enjoyed the fact that we could walk right up to the excavation and in some spots inside the excavation! It was worth the $10(fam of four) for 1.5 hrs education and exercise!!!
  • Area has some interesting history if you're a traveler.... Really not special.. I wouldn't call it a museum.. it's just kinda run down attraction