Fort Phoenix State Reservation, Fairhaven

4.2
Fort Phoenix is an American Revolutionary War-era fort located at the entrance to the Fairhaven-New Bedford harbor, south of U.S. 6 in Fort Phoenix Park in Fairhaven, Massachusetts. The fort was originally built in 1775 without a name, and added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1972. Just off the fort in Buzzards Bay was the first naval engagement of the American Revolution, the Battle off Fairhaven on 14 May 1775.On 5-6 September 1778, the fort was destroyed by the British when they raided the harbor. A force under Major Israel Fearing drove off the British, both at the fort and when they attempted an attack on the town the next day. The fort was then renamed Fort Fearing. In 1784 it was given the name "Fort Phoenix" after the mythical bird that rose from its own ashes.The fort was rebuilt in 1798, and rebuilt again in 1808 with 12 guns with Commonwealth resources, contemporary with but not part of the second system of US fortifications.In the War of 1812, bombarded the fort on 13 June 1814 when the local militia refused to surrender some guns. After an exchange of fire Nimrod sailed away. Local accounts differ as to whether she launched boats carrying a landing party that were driven off, or not. This event is confused in some references with an attack by the same ship on Falmouth on 29 January 1814.
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Fort Phoenix State Reservation Reviews
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  • Great historical site/harbor walk/beach! There’s a playground for the kids, volleyball courts, and bathrooms, all easily accessible. Multiple parking lots. (Great for Pokémon Go! players! Lots of rare...  more »
  • If you are a history buff, this is the place to visit. Actually all of New England is full of history. I learn something new every time I go. I have traveled to New England, Fairhaven, Mass specifical...  more »
  • Very important but largely overlooked historical site, Fort Phoenix State Reservation is a very interesting site to visit. Extremely peaceful now, it was the site of important Revolutionary War battle...  more »
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