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Richardson Olmsted Complex, Buffalo

4.9
#16 of 22 in Sightseeing in Buffalo
Architectural Building Landmark
The Richardson Olmsted Complex in Buffalo, New York, United States was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1986. The site was designed by the American architect, Henry Hobson Richardson, in concert with the famed landscape team of Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux in the late 1800s, incorporating a system of enlightened treatment for people with mental illness developed by Dr. Thomas Story Kirkbride. Over the years, as mental health treatment changed and resources were diverted, the buildings and grounds began a slow deterioration. In 2006, the Richardson Center Corporation was formed with a mandate to save the buildings and bring the Complex back to life through a State appropriation for this architectural treasure.Today, the Richardson Olmsted Complex is being transformed into a cultural amenity for the city, beginning with Hotel Henry Urban Resort and Conference Center and the Buffalo Architecture Center in the iconic Towers Building and two flanking buildings (about one third of the Complex). The remaining buildings have been stabilized pending future opportunities.ArchitectureThe large Medina red sandstone and brick hospital buildings were designed in 1870 in the Kirkbride Plan by architect Henry Hobson Richardson with grounds by landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted. The complex consists of a central administrative tower and five pavilions or wards progressively set back on each side, for eleven buildings total, all connected by short curved two-story corridors. Patients were segregated by sex, males on the east side, females on the west. The wards housed patients until the mid-1970s. The central administration building was used for offices until 1994. In 1973, the Asylum was added to the National Register of Historic Places and in 1986, it was designated a National Historic Landmark.
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4.9
  • I visited ROC with my brother as part of a day spent being tourists in Buffalo. I had my preconceived notions about what Buffalo was as a city, and I was very wrong. I really got the sense that everyo...  more »
  • Located on the grounds of the Buffalo Psychiatric Center, the newly renovated Olmsted Complex was in fact the old local state psychiatric hospital, which is now located next door. It has been beautifu...  more »
  • Comprehensive tours featuring history, architecture, public health. Engaging docent staff, historic setting, pleasant park, adjacent to two art galleries, public parks, and eateries. New hotel, restau...  more »
Google
  • Awesome and iconic building with unique features preserved along with a new fresh look.....spent almost a year a half here re-modling for a new hotel. Great experience. Hope they do more eventually.
  • Saw a big fat dude at the main entrance and he threw me. This place is too much.+
  • So cool,like OUTLAST™
  • The Front Part is 100% Outlast
  • Because you make when you go to travel and I like your pictures
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