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Wallingford Castle, Wallingford

(4.1/5 based on 30+ reviews on the web)
Wallingford Castle was a major medieval castle situated in Wallingford in the English county of Oxfordshire (historically in Berkshire until the 1974 reorganisation), adjacent to the River Thames. Established in the 11th century as a motte-and-bailey design within an Anglo-Saxon burgh, it grew to become what historian Nicholas Brooks has described as "one of the most powerful royal castles of the 12th and 13th centuries". Held for the Empress Matilda during the civil war years of the Anarchy, it survived multiple sieges and was never taken. Over the next two centuries it became a luxurious castle, used by royalty and their immediate family. After being abandoned as a royal residence by Henry VIII, the castle fell into decline. Refortified during the English Civil War, it was eventually slighted, i.e. deliberately destroyed, after being captured by Parliamentary forces after a long siege. The site was subsequently left relatively undeveloped, and the limited remains of the castle walls and the considerable earthworks are now open to the public.History11th centuryAs an important regional town, overlooking a key crossing point on the River Thames, prosperous and with its own mint, the town of Wallingford had been defended by an Anglo-Saxon burgh, or town wall, prior to the Norman invasion of 1066. Wigod of Wallingford, who controlled the town, supported William the Conqueror's invasion and entertained the king when he arrived in Wallingford. Immediately after the end of the initial invasion, the king set about establishing control over the Thames Valley through constructing three key castles, the royal castles of Windsor and Wallingford, and the baronial castle, later transferred to royal hands, built at Oxford.
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Reviews
TripAdvisor
  • We started our stroll from the path alongside the river (The Boathouse side) left through a field and we had a good stroll through the grounds. Obviously it is ruins you can see but considering they a...  more »
  • This is a place I visit regularly at all times of the year, but is at its best in the summer.. It has a fascinating history which is well annotated on information boards and leaflets for visitors. For...  more »
  • Not the best of days to visit (rainy new years eve) but this is a very pleasant place to visit. The castle is a ruin but the gardens around it are well kept and it is a very tranquil place to visit an...  more »
Google
  • Went for a walk with the wife ,lovely spot right by the river and a bit of history with it !