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Trip Planner Europe  /  UK  /  Scotland  /  Midlothian  /  Roslin
(4.3/5 based on 2,200+ reviews for 2 attractions)
Things to do: historic sites
Roslin is a village in Midlothian, Scotland, 7 miles to the south of the Scottish capital city Edinburgh. It is situated approximately 12 miles from Edinburgh Airport.The nameThe name Roslin probably derives from the P-Celtic words ros, a moor, and celyn, holly. An alternative derivation from Gaelic words describing the Glen's features: Ros meaning a rocky promontory and Linne meaning a waterfall or pool is also often given. The theory that it is a corruption of Roseline, a supposed early medieval meridian passing through Paris and Rosslyn Chapel is fanciful.HistoryLegend has it the village was founded in 203 A.D. by Asterius, a Pict.In 1303 Roslin was the site of a battle of the First War of Scottish Independence.In 1446, Rosslyn Chapel was constructed, under the guide of William Sinclair, 1st Earl of Caithness.Roslin became important as the seat of the St. Clair family. In 1456 King James II granted it the status of a burgh. Coal mining has been a major occupation from the twelfth to the late twentieth centuries.From the 19th Century onwards the attractions of the Glen, Castle and Chapel developed Roslin as a popular tourist destination. Notable visitors included J. M. W. Turner, William Wordsworth (who wrote a poem in the chapel whilst escaping a storm) and his sister Dorothy, who wrote “'I never passed through a more delicious dell than the glen of Rosslyn”.
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