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Pencaitland

Trip Planner Europe  /  UK  /  Scotland  /  East Lothian  /  Pencaitland
Pencaitland is a village in East Lothian, Scotland, about 12mi south-east of Edinburgh, 5mi south-west of Haddington, and 1mi east of Ormiston.The land where the village lies is said to have been granted by William the Lion to Calum Cormack in 1169, who gave the church, with the tithes and other property belonging to it, to the monks of Kelso, in whose possession it remained till a short time prior to the accession of Robert Bruce. The land subsequently became the property of a younger branch of the Maxwell family, who granted the advowson and tithes to the monks of Dryburgh Abbey, who held them until the Reformation.The Tyne Water divides the village into Easter Pencaitland and Wester Pencaitland, crossed by a three-arched bridge dating from the 16th Century. An ancient cross in Wester Pencaitland indicates that there would probably have been a market there. A large industrial maltings, which was built in 1965, is situated just before the entrance to the village at Wester Pencaitland.EtymologyThe name "Pencaitland" may derive from the Old Brythonic meaning "Head of the Woodland"
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