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Old Bailey, London

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#882 of 3,379 in Things to do in London
The Central Criminal Court of England and Wales, commonly known as the Old Bailey from the street on which it stands, is a court in London and one of a number of buildings housing the Crown Court. Part of the present building stands on the site of the medieval Newgate gaol, on a road named Old Bailey that follows the line of the City of London's fortified wall (or bailey), which runs from Ludgate Hill to the junction of Newgate Street and Holborn Viaduct. The Old Bailey has been housed in several structures near this location since the 16th century, and its present building dates from 1902.The Crown Court sitting at the Central Criminal Court deals with major criminal cases from within Greater London and in exceptional cases, from other parts of England and Wales. Trials at the Old Bailey, as at other courts, are open to the public; however, they are subject to stringent security procedures.HistoryThe court originated as the sessions house of the Lord Mayor and Sheriffs of the City of London and of Middlesex. The original medieval court was first mentioned in 1585; it was next to the older Newgate gaol, and seems to have grown out of the endowment to improve the gaol and rooms for the Sheriffs, made possible by a gift from Richard Whittington. It was destroyed in the Great Fire of London in 1666 and rebuilt in 1674, with the court open to the weather to prevent the spread of disease.
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  • A fantastic piece of archeture with the iconic balenceof justice high above the building. Ornate public entrance contrasted by the gates taking convicts away in vans.  more »
  • This imposing building is the Central Criminal Court of England and Wales. On the dome above the building stands a statue of Lady Justice with a sword in one hand and the scales of justice in the othe...  more »
  • I have long wanted to see the workings of a court and where better than the Bailey. Leave your mobile at home and take your legal mind and patient ear to this most historic of courtrooms to see the bi...  more »

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