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Cenotaph, London

(4.4/5 based on 140+ reviews on the web)
The Cenotaph is a war memorial situated on Whitehall in London. It began as a temporary structure erected for a peace parade following the end of the First World War but following an outpouring of national sentiment it was replaced in 1920 by a permanent structure and designated the United Kingdom's primary national war memorial.Designed by Edwin Lutyens, the permanent structure was built from Portland stone between 1919 and 1920 by Holland, Hannen & Cubitts, replacing Lutyens' earlier wood-and-plaster cenotaph in the same location. An annual National Service of Remembrance is held at the site on Remembrance Sunday, the closest Sunday to 11 November (Armistice Day) each year. Lutyens' cenotaph design has been reproduced elsewhere in the UK and other countries including Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Bermuda and Hong Kong.OriginsThe Cenotaph was originally a wood-and-plaster structure designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens and erected in 1919. It was one of a number of temporary structures erected for the London Victory Parade (also called the Peace Day Parade) on 19 July 1919 that marked the formal end of the First World War that had taken place with the signing of the Treaty of Versailles on 28 June 1919. As one of a series of temporary wooden monuments constructed along the route of the parade, it was not proposed until just two weeks prior to the event. Following deliberations of the Peace Celebrations Committee, Lutyens was invited to Downing Street. There, the British Prime Minister, David Lloyd George, proposed that the monument should be a catafalque, like the one intended for the Arc de Triomphe in Paris for the corresponding Victory Parade in France, but Lutyens proposed instead that the design be based on a cenotaph.
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Reviews
TripAdvisor
  • Yes, I came for the first time on it in Innsbruck in Austria, as I stood by the Kaiser Maximillians Cenotaph. It is a grave without the dead bodies. And thus also on Whitehall. Here, we honour the dead from World War I so close on 11/11 as possible.
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  • Seen it on my screen for years on Remembrance Sunday. Finally took the time to visit and pause. We remember in November, but this reminds us to always remember. Amongst all the hustle and bustle of Lo...  more »
  • I lived in London for years, but never made it to the Cenotaph Ceremony (and Service of Remembrance the night before at Royal Alberta Hall) until this year. It was an extremely memorable and insightfu...  more »
Google
  • Gets one to think of the real cost of war. Area gets a lot attention specially during events such as the remembrance day.
  • A fitting memorial in the heart of the government's location.
  • Very nice and simple memorial. A beautiful scene to come across while walking from parliament to Trafalgar square.
  • Provides a national focus for remembrance. Remembering those who gave their lives for our freedom.
  • A poignant reminder of the futility of war. And the the massive sacrifices a nation gave to keep the world free of tyranny