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Dwarfie Stane, Hoy

(4.8/5 based on 45 reviews on the web)
The Dwarfie Stane is a megalithic chambered tomb carved out of a titanic block of Devonian Old Red Sandstone located in a steep-sided glaciated valley between the settlements of Quoys and Rackwick on Hoy, an island in Orkney, Scotland. The stone is a glacial erratic located in desolate peatland.The attribution as a tomb was originally based on its resemblance to recognized tombs in southern Europe. The Dwarfie Stane is the only chambered tomb in Orkney that is cut from stone rather than built from stones and may be the only example of a Neolithic rock-cut tomb in Britain. However, despite its unique construction, its plan is consistent with the so-called Orkney-Cromarty class of chambered tomb found throughout Orkney. Some authors have referred to this type of tomb as Bookan-class, after a chambered cairn in Mainland, although there's some disagreement as to the relationship between the two tomb types.A stone slab originally blocked the entrance to the tomb on its west side, but now lies on the ground in front of it. It is unique in northern Europe, bearing similarity to Neolithic or Bronze Age tombs around the Mediterranean. R. Castleden refers to the Dwarfie Stane as representing "the imported idea of the rock-cut tomb" that was "tried once and found to be unsatisfactory", perhaps due to the hardness of the Old Red Sandstone. There is no direct evidence, however, of any link to the builders of the Mediterranean rock-cut tombs.
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Reviews
TripAdvisor
  • This huge rock was deposited on the side of the valley by glacial deposition & the interior carved out by hand some 5000 years ago using antler & flint tools. It is a good 30 minute walk along a rough...  more »
  • Drawfie is an interesting structure with a mysterious history. The valley itself is rugged and stunning. It looks especially daunting when the clouds are sitting atop of the jagged hills. Spoiler: The...  more »
  • Along the road to Rakwick bay is this rock-hewn Tomb surrounded by beautiful legends. 15 minutes walk from the parking lot but very pleasant seen the beauty of the Valley. attention to mud if it rains
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