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Great Bardfield

Trip Planner Europe  /  UK  /  England  /  Essex  /  Braintree  /  Great Bardfield
Great Bardfield is a large village in the Braintree district of Essex, England. It is located approximately 9mi northwest of the town of Braintree, and approximately 12mi southeast of Saffron Walden.The village came to national attention during the 1950s as home to the Great Bardfield Artists.HistoryHenry VIII is said to have given Bardfield to Anne of Cleves as part of his divorce settlement and a number of buildings in the village are associated with Anne of Cleves, including the Grade II-listed Great Lodge and its associated Grade I-listed barn, now named after her. The 1000acre grounds include a Grade I-listed barn and a vineyard. Great Bardfield is home to the Bardfield Cage, a 19th-century village lock-up, and the Gibraltar Mill, a windmill which has been converted to a house.Great Bardfield played an important role in the history of the oxlip which, in the UK, is a rare plant only found where Suffolk, Essex and Cambridgeshire meet. Originally it was thought that oxlips were cowslip-primrose hybrids but in 1842 Henry Doubleday and Charles Darwin conducted tests on plants collected from Great Bardfield and concluded that this was not so. For a while the plant was known as the Bardfield Oxlip. The common cowslip-primrose hybrid is known as the False Oxlip.
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