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St Catherine's Castle, Fowey

(70+ reviews on the web)
Castle
St Catherine's Castle is a Henrician castle in Cornwall, built by Thomas Treffry between approximately 1538 and 1540, in response to fears of an invasion of England by France and the Holy Roman Empire. The D-shaped, stone fortification, equipped with five gun-ports for cannon, overlooked the mouth of the River Fowey in Cornwall. It was protected by a curtain wall and the surrounding cliffs. The castle remained in use for many years until it was closed at the end of the Napoleonic Wars in 1815. Brought back into service in 1855 during the Crimean War, it was fitted with two new artillery positions, but it soon became obsolete and was abandoned. During the Second World War the castle was refortified and used to house a battery of naval guns, protecting the coast against the threat of German attack. At the end of the conflict the castle was restored to its previous condition and is now managed by English Heritage as a tourist attraction.HistoryConstructionSt Catherine's Castle was built as a consequence of the international tensions between England, France and the Holy Roman Empire in the final years of the reign of King Henry VIII. Traditionally the Crown had left coastal defences to the local lords and communities, only taking a modest role in building and maintaining fortifications, and while France and the Empire remained in conflict with one another, maritime raids were common but an actual invasion of England seemed unlikely. Modest defences, based around simple blockhouses and towers, existed in the south-west and along the Sussex coast, with a few more impressive works in the north of England, but in general the fortifications were very limited in scale.
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Reviews
TripAdvisor
  • The climb up to St Catherine's castle is definitely worth it for the best views over the estuary. Be warned however if you have a dog. The only route we found up to the castle was via ReadyMoney beach...  more »
  • St.Catherine's Castle is a small fort on the Fowey headland. It is an interesting example, has picturesque views and has some gun emplacements. It is well worth the visit. Readymoney Cove is also wort...  more »
  • Easy, although steep in places, walk up from Readymoney Cove. The position gives superb views of Fowey, the estuary and out to see.  more »
Google
  • Amazing Cornish views out to sea, a nice stretch of the legs from Fowey. Well worth the trek.
  • This place was amazing it is completely free the castle looks over the water and has an amazing view. This is a must see if you are visiting Fowey.
  • A nice little walk from Fowey or Readymoney. Could be better signposted, but great views across the rivermouth and out to sea.
  • A lovely walk from Fowey centre, through the National Trust's Covington Wood with acess to the coastal path. Beautiful.
  • Stunning views of the area and great place to watch boats.