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Falkland

Trip Planner Europe  /  UK  /  Scotland  /  Fife  /  Falkland
(4.2/5 based on 550+ reviews for 3 attractions)
Things to do: parks, nature
Falkland is a village, parish and former royal burgh in Fife, Scotland at the foot of the Lomond Hills. According to the 2008 population estimate, it has a population of 1,180.The Falkland Islands in the South Atlantic are named after Anthony, who was viscount of Falkland in the 17th century.EtymologyThe name "Falkland" is generally believed to come from the English "falcon land", referring to the sport of falconry, which would have once been popular with the nobles at Falkland Palace. However, it may in fact come from falclann, meaning "washing" or "scrubbing".In the Middle Ages, the name Falkland only applied to the Castle; the burgh and parish were known as Kilgour, meaning "pleasant church".HistoryA settlement is believed to have existed at Falkland prior to the 12th century. However, this was not until the erection of Falkland Castle some time after 1160 which was the crucial factor in the birth of the village. The site of Falkland Castle now lies within the grounds of the present Falkland Palace. The donation of the royal hunting estate of Falkland by King Malcolm to Duncan, Earl of Fife in 1160, may actually have led to any previous hunting lodge being replaced by the castle.Despite being granted royal burgh status in 1458, Falkland had developed as a medieval settlement dependent on Falkland Palace and the Falkland Castle and therefore did not function in the same way as other royal burghs did.
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