Trip Planner:   Europe  /  UK  /  Scotland  /  Edinburgh  /  Nature  /  Castle Rock

Castle Rock, Edinburgh

(4.6/5 based on 120+ reviews on the web)
Castle Rock is a volcanic plug in the middle of Edinburgh upon which Edinburgh Castle sits. The rock is estimated to have formed some 350 million years ago during the early Carboniferous period. It is the remains of a volcanic pipe which cut through the surrounding sedimentary rock, before cooling to form very hard dolerite, a coarser-grained equivalent of basalt. Subsequent glacial erosion was resisted more by the dolerite, which protected the softer rock to the east, leaving a crag and tail formation.The summit of the castle rock is 130m above sea level, with rocky cliffs to the south, west and north, rearing up to 80m from the surrounding landscape. This means that the only readily accessible route to the castle lies to the east, where the ridge slopes more gently. The defensive advantage of such a site is clear, but the geology of the rock also presents difficulties, since basalt is an extremely poor aquifer. Providing water to the Upper Ward of the castle was problematic, and despite the sinking of a 28m deep well, the water supply often ran out during drought or siege, for example during the Lang Siege of 1573.
Plan to visit Castle Rock and other customer-reviewed, writer-recommended Edinburgh attractions using our Edinburgh vacation generator.
Source
Create a full Edinburgh itinerary
map

Plan your trip to Edinburgh

  • Get a personalized plan

    A complete day-by-day itinerary
    based on your preferences
  • Customize it

    Refine your plan. We'll find the
    best routes and schedules
  • Book it

    Choose from the best hotels
    and activities. Up to 50% off
  • Manage it

    Everything in one place.
    Everyone on the same page.

Plans in Edinburgh by other users

60 days in Europe BY A USER FROM CANADA April, culture, outdoors, historic sites, museums, hidden gems PREFERENCES: April, culture, outdoors, historic sites, museums ATTRACTION STYLE: Hidden gems PACE: Medium 9 days in Scotland BY A USER FROM CANADA April, culture, outdoors, relaxing, beaches, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: April, culture, outdoors, relaxing, beaches ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Medium 8 days in Ireland, Glasgow & Edinburgh BY A USER FROM AUSTRALIA September, relaxing, slow & easy, popular PREFERENCES: September, relaxing ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Slow & easy 8 days in Glasgow & Edinburgh BY A USER FROM AUSTRALIA September, slow & easy, popular PREFERENCES: September ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Slow & easy 12 days in Italy & Edinburgh BY A USER FROM AUSTRALIA September, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: September ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Medium 17 days in United Kingdom & Spain BY A USER FROM PERU April, outdoors, popular PREFERENCES: April, outdoors ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 22 days in United Kingdom BY A USER FROM INDIA July, popular PREFERENCES: July ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 23 days in Ireland & United Kingdom BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES August, culture, outdoors, relaxing, beaches, historic sites, hidden gems PREFERENCES: August, culture, outdoors, relaxing, beaches, historic sites ATTRACTION STYLE: Hidden gems PACE: Medium 55 days in Scotland BY A USER FROM MEXICO October, culture, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites, slow & easy, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: October, culture, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Slow & easy 8 days in Scotland BY A USER FROM ISRAEL June, culture, outdoors, romantic, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: June, culture, outdoors, romantic ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Medium 6 days in Edinburgh BY A USER FROM SLOVENIA April, teens, kids, popular PREFERENCES: April, teens, kids ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 29 days in Scotland BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES July, outdoors, relaxing, slow & easy, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: July, outdoors, relaxing ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Slow & easy
View more plans
Reviews
TripAdvisor
  • The Castle Hill is located at the end of the Royal Mile. Super views over Edinburgh, on one side of the old town, the other the Neustadt
    View original
  • If you are visiting the city, you are going to end up going up here, because scotlands prime tourist attraction, Edinburgh castle sits on the top of it, lovely cobbled streets surround it, and it can ...  more »
  • full of history, military museum, parade ground, best part is the world-famous Tattoo. Tickets in advance for best seats, evening performances, rated in the top 100 attractions in the world! A must-do...  more »