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Caerlaverock Castle, Dumfries

Categories: Architectural Buildings, Historic Sites, Tourist Spots
Inspirock Rating:
4.6/5 based on 500+ reviews on the web
Caerlaverock Castle is a moated triangular castle first built in the 13th century. It is located on the southern coast of Scotland, south of Dumfries, on the edge of the Caerlaverock National Nature Reserve. Caerlaverock was a stronghold of the Maxwell family from the 13th century until the 17th century when the castle was abandoned. It was besieged by the English during the Wars of Scottish Independence, and underwent several partial demolitions and reconstructions over the 14th and 15th centuries. In the 17th century, the Maxwells were created Earls of Nithsdale, and built a new lodging within the walls, described as among "the most ambitious early classical domestic architecture in Scotland". In 1640 the castle was besieged for the last time and was subsequently abandoned. Although demolished and rebuilt several times, the castle retains the distinctive triangular plan first laid out in the 13th century. Caerlaverock Castle was built to control trade in early times.Today, the castle is in the care of Historic Scotland and is a popular tourist attraction. It is protected as a scheduled monument, and as a category A listed building.OwnershipThe history of its builders can be traced to Undwin and his son Maccus in the 11th century; Maccus gave his name to the barony of Maccuswell, or Maxwell. His grandson, John de Maccuswell (d. 1241), was first Lord Maxwell of Caerlaverock. The Baronies of Maxwell and Caerlaverock then passed down through the male line, sometimes collaterally. Robert de Maxwell of Maxwell, Caerlaverock and Mearns (d. 1409) rebuilt Caerlaverock castle and was succeeded by Herbert Maxwell of Caerlaverock (d. 1420)
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  • We planned a walk from the nature reserve to take in the castle and it was wonderful to walk through the woods and just come across the older castle ruins before seeing the current castle. If walking ...  read more »
  • Had a great afternoon here with wife and my two young children. Play park for both older and younger children. There is an area where the kids can have a wee dress up and design & draw their own shiel...  read more »
  • Historical Scotland and situated near to a nature reserve as well, a fantastic day out. And if you time it right battle re-enactments as well. 
  • A beautiful castle in a beautiful location. The castle was great with its surrounding most and great towers. While small, the visitor center and museum were great as well. The kids had a lot of fun and we all learned a lot.
  • This is a fabulous castle , unusual in shape and you can sense the history in its walls. The foundations of the original castle are still there as well. Well worth a visit!!
  • A fantastic day out history comes alive here great to be able to explore the different levels. A must see
  • sadly we were to late to go inside. the castle is absolutely amazing! the hole time we were astonished about this huge building. if you walk to the backside you can look inside the castle.
  • I love this castle. The drive from Gretna Green, through Annan is scenic and this hidden gem of a place awaits you along the route. Not the most touristy place, which is why it scores so highly. Pack a picnic and enjoy.
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