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Culross Abbey, Culross

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Culross Abbey is a former Cistercian abbey in Culross, Scotland, headed by the Abbot or Commendator of Culross. It is still used as the local parish church by the Church of Scotland.HistoryThe abbey was founded in 1217 by Malcolm I, Mormaer or Earl of Fife, and was first colonised by monks from Kinloss Abbey. Culross may have been chosen to establish an abbey because this was the birthplace of Saint Mungo. It is evident that the abbey was built over the earlier Pictish church supposedly founded by Saint Serf in the 6th century, as witnessed by the presence in the ruined Cistercian church of early medieval carved stones and from a ninth-century reference to a church of St Serf at Culross (Cuileann Ros) in a Gaelic list of the mothers of various saints.The original 13th-century abbey was cruciform in plan, without aisles. By the late 15th century the lay brothers had left, and the abbey community consisted of only choir-monks. The western half of the abbey was therefore abandoned, and the nave was demolished around 1500. In 1633 the east choir of the abbey was taken over for use as a parish church, while the adjoining buildings fell into decay.
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  • Beautiful old Abbey with very informative staff and printed guides to help explain the history. We drove in and were able to park in front, but I imagine that wouldn't be the case in the high season  more »
  • Hike up the hill, it’s worth it. Cool ruins and a great graveyard and an interesting old church...it was completely deserted the day I was there....really atmospheric  more »
  • There are some fantastic stained glass windows in the Abbey. These alone make a visit well wort while. Steeped in history with many remains of the former building still very visible.  more »
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