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Crail

Trip Planner Europe  /  UK  /  Scotland  /  Fife  /  Crail
(1,000+ reviews from 4 attractions)
Museums Nature Golf
Crail; ) is a former royal burgh in the East Neuk of Fife, Scotland.HistoryCrail probably dates from at least as far back as the Pictish period, as the place-name includes the Pictish/Brythonic element caer, 'fort', and there is a Dark Age cross-slab preserved in the parish kirk, itself dedicated to the early holy man St. Maelrubha. Crail East Neuk Burgh and became a Royal Burgh in the 12th century. Robert the Bruce granted permission to hold markets on a Sunday, in the Marketgait, where the Mercat Cross now stands in Crail. The decision caused such outrage in religious circles that John Knox delivered a sermon at Crail Parish Church in the Marketgait damning the fishermen of the East Neuk for working on a Sunday. (Given that Robert the Bruce died in 1329 and John Knox wasn't born until 1514 this seems a tad unlikely.) Despite the protests, the markets were a huge success and were amongst the largest in Europe.James V, the father of Mary Queen of Scots, sent for his wife, Marie de Guise, whom he had recently married by proxy in Paris, and she landed in Crail in June 1538. According to Antonia Fraser, "Accompanied by a navy of ships under Lord Maxwell, and 2,000 lords and barons whom her new husband had sent from Scotland to fetch her away, Queen Mary landed at Crail in Fife on 10 June 1538, just over a year since the landing of Queen Madeleine. She was formally received by the king at St Andrews a few days later with pageants and plays performed in her honour, and a great deal of generally blithe rejoicing, before being remarried the next morning in the Cathedral of St Andrews."
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