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Mykolayiv

Trip Planner Europe  /  Ukraine  /  Mykolaiv Oblast  /  Mykolayiv
(3.9/5 based on 260+ reviews for top 10 attractions)
Things to do: zoos & aquariums, museums, theme parks
Mykolaiv, also known as Nikolaev, is a city in southern Ukraine, the administrative center of the Mykolaiv Oblast. Mykolaiv is arguably the main ship building center of the Black Sea. Aside from its three shipyards within the city, there are located a number of research centers specializing in shipbuilding such as the State Research and Design Shipbuilding Center, Zoria-Mashproekt and others.The city is an important transportation junction of Ukraine .Mykolaiv's orderly layout reflects the fact that its development has been well planned from the founding of the city. Its main streets, including the three main East-West Avenues, are very wide and tree lined. A significant part of Mykolaiv's land area consists of beautiful parks. Park Peremohy is a large park on the peninsula just north of the city center of Mykolaiv, on the North side of the Inhul river.Mykolaiv has a population of about 500,000.Name of cityThe city uses two names of which there are several transliterations of each name. The Ukrainian name of the city is Микола́їв, for which the transliteration is Mykolaiv, or officially, Mykolayiv. The Russian name is Никола́ев, which transliterates as Nikolaev or Nikolayev.The city's founding was made possible by the conquests of the Second Russo-Turkish War. Founded by Prince Grigory Potemkin, Nikolaev was the last of the many cities he established. On 27 August 1789, Potemkin ordered its founding near the wharf at the mouth of the Ingul river, on a high, cool and breezy spot where the Ingul river meets the Bug river. To build the city he brought in peasants, soldiers, and Turkish prisoners; 2,500 were working there during 1789. The shipyards were built first. He named the city after Saint Nicholas, the patron of seafarers, on whose day (6 December) he obtained victory at the siege of Ochakov. The name Nikolaev is known from the legal order (writ) Number 1065 by Prince Potemkin to Mikhail Faleev dated 27 August 1789.
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