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Khotyn Fortress, Khotyn
(4.7/5 based on 100 reviews on the web)
The Khotyn Fortress is a fortification complex located on the right bank of the Dniester River in Khotyn, Chernivtsi Oblast of western Ukraine. It is situated on a territory of the historical northern Bessarabia region which was split in 1940 between Ukraine and Moldova. The fortress is also located in a close proximity to another famous defensive structure, the Old Kam'yanets Castle of Kamianets-Podilskyi.Construction on the current Khotyn fortress was started in 1325, while major improvements were made in the 1380s and in the 1460s.The fortress is a large tourist attraction for the area and Ukraine. In 2007, the fortress was named one of the Seven Wonders of Ukraine. It is also a National Ukrainian Architectural Preserve as of 2000.HistoryAs a Rus' strongholdThe Khotyn Fortress's beginning goes back to the Khotyn Fort, which was built in the 10th century by Prince Vladimir Sviatoslavich as one of the border fortifications of southwestern Kievan Rus', after he added the land of present-day Bukovina into his control. The fort, which eventually was rebuilt into a fortress, was located on important transportation routes, which connected Scandinavia and Kiev with the Ponyzia (lowlands), Podillia, Genoese and Greek colonies on the Black Sea, through Moldavia and Wallachia, on the famous "trade route from the Varangians to the Greeks".
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Reviews
TripAdvisor
  • Fabulous place. Visited in the morning, just opened, there was fog. It looked so cool, that the spirit of darkness. Similar as in the picture of the fairy tales about Kings.
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  • Every lover of the history of the Republic, any reader the Sienkiewicz Trilogy must visit the fortress. Feel in the air superiority of the Republic over the Ottoman Empire!
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  • The first Fortress (now known as "Castle" inside the fortress) was built by Daniel Galician when Hawtin was part of the Galicia-Volyn principality. The inner Castle is well preserved: five towers, Chapel, Commandant of the Palace. The walls of the famous battle of Khotyn fortress 1621 year that lasted more than a month when the Zaporozhian host, and the army of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth defeated the army of the Ottoman Empire, after which the Turks for a long time refused to campaign on Europe. Before entering the fortress is a monument to Hetman Sahaidachny-Kanaševiču, died in this battle. The big "new fortress" around the old castle was built again by the Turks. The gates have survived, part of walls, bastions, the bridge over the Creek, the ruins of the mosque. The majestic fortress on a high Bank of the Dniester River.
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