Kharkov Synagogue, Kharkiv

4.3
#4 of 16 in Historic Sites in Kharkiv
The Kharkiv Choral Synagogue is a synagogue located in Kharkiv, Ukraine, the largest in the country, and a building of architectural significance.HistoryConstruction of the synagogue began in 1909, with architects submitting design proposals as part of contest. St. Petersburg architect Yakov Gevirts submitted the winning design and construction was completed in 1913 at a cost of 150,000 rubles. In 1923, the synagogue was closed, nationalized by the government, and used by a Jewish worker's club, part of the Comintern. It then served a variety of uses including housing a club, cinema and a sport complex and was not used as a place of worship until 1990.Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, various Jewish groups struggled for control of the synagogue. Edward Khodos created a phony organization to represent the members of reform Judiaism and asserted control of the synagogue. Representatives of Chabad made competing claims, and for a period both groups operated in the building. In 1993, Khodos operated on the synagogue’s second floor, where according to reports he conducted his antiques business and set up a Friday night kick-boxing club for local children.In 1998, a fire gutted the synagogue and it was officially turned over to Chabad. Extensive renovations were completed in 2003.ArchitectureThe building design is described as a combination of Romano-Gothic, Neo-Gothic, and Islamic architecture styles which the Architectural Society of Kharkiv saw as `reminiscent of the huge walls of ancient Palestine`.
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  • Asked who was in the courtyard where a synagogue inside information then. You could taste the atmosphere of the former synagogue, rather than at the Museum and synagogue itself is big, but for many Torah and worship songs, such as sitting on the seat.
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  • As a former resident of Kharkov visited her after 26 years, heartwarming to show you this beautiful synagogue, who returned to action in the late 80 after the oppressive Communist rule, and restored in the early 2000. It is a magnificent synagogue, very exciting to pray.
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  • Very nice architecture! Worth stopping by to see. No indication that they give tours, but that would be a good thing to do.  more »
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  • Shalom So friendly community . Thank you for all hosting like home BH"
  • Want to say thank you for an informative tour of the synagogue. Learned a lot of interesting and new ... From the whole team, who came from the town of Raisin-thanks to Jakov Yakimenko.
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  • An interesting tour of the Synagogue. Very educational
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  • The Kharkiv synagogue, built in 1912-1913 years. using motives of Oriental architecture and forms of Romanesque style, is the largest in Ukraine and the CIS, and the second largest in Europe after Budapest. Its height is 42 m Dome, Hall is 30 m, total area-2067 m ². Storage scrolls of the synagogue has a height of 9 m in the Hall with an area of 450 m ² and can accommodate 800-1000 people. In 1867-1910 biennium. at the scene of the synagogues was a classic late 18th century mansion, designed by architect Peter Kharkiv Yaroslavl in the style of classicism. In this manor house was located. In 1910, after the demolition of the Imperial St. Petersburg Society of architects contest was organized for the construction of a new synagogue. The first award received the project of the St. Petersburg architect I. G. Gevirca, published in the magazine "Zodchiy" in 1909, and named the "Jewish letter" is the building really looks like stylized letter of the Hebrew alphabet. Originally a dome of the synagogue were covered with Chilean copper, with emerald-green color. To date, all cover small domes only restored lost coverage of the main dome. The synagogue building set deep into the plot because the measure was required before building in distance 100 yards (213 meters) from the across the modern square of the Constitution of the Orthodox St. Nicholas Church. Supervised the construction of Kharkov architect m. f. Piskunov. After the revolution of 1917 synagogue were seized all valuables. And in 1923, at the request of Jewish workers "it was closed. In its building housed Jewish working Club.
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  • From the architectural point of view-a masterpiece of the early 20th century. Preserved, restored and looks great
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Where to stay in Kharkiv

A major industrial center, Kharkiv mostly caters to business travelers visiting the city for only a day or two. Budget accommodations can be hard to come by, especially if you arrive without a reservation. Book ahead if you plan to stay near the city center, where elegantly furnished hotel rooms come with free Wi-Fi, secure parking, and access to safe deposit boxes. For something less expensive, check out the city's hostels, which offer small but tidy rooms with shared restrooms and common dining areas.
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