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Gyaur Kala, Mary

Explore the mysterious ruins of the former Gate to Central Asia at Gyaur Kala, the oldest and best preserved oasis city on the Silk Road, and a World Heritage Site. Spanning 4,000 years of human history, the archeological site has a walled area covering 20 ha (49 ac). Claimed to have been the largest city in the world in the 12th century, the ancient metropolis has layers of civilizations, including Persian, Hellenic, Arab, Seljuk, Mongol, and Khiva, with the most intriguing stone structure being the Zoroastrian "gawurgala," or infidel’s fortress. Located near the Murghab River some 30 km (19 mi) west of Mary, the site also features a well-preserved mausoleum of a Seljuk sultan. To get a greater sense of the history, hire a local guide, who'll help you make sense of these massive eroding pillars and abandoned stone structures. Use our Mary online trip itinerary builder to arrange your visit to Gyaur Kala and other attractions in Mary.
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Gyaur Kala Reviews

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TripAdvisor Traveler Rating 4.5
101 reviews
TripAdvisor
  • We visited on November 1 as part of a 3 day / 2 night tour with Owadan Tours (they are a great tour company and I have a separate review). The weather was cloudy and they were spots of rain...  more »
  • We visited Merv as a day trip from Ashgabat by plane. We spent 3 hours on the site but realised that we had missed some important attractions, so it is critical that you do some research before...  more »
  • There are three (3) main areas. There isn't much left of the original buildings but it's still a wonderful site to visit. Start at Merv 1, climb the mound and marvel at the size of the site. Take a...  more »

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Plans to Gyaur Kala by other users

57 days in Europe & Asia BY A USER FROM NETHERLANDS June, popular sights Preferences: June Attraction style: Popular sights Pace: Medium 15 days in Turkmenistan BY A USER FROM INDIA May, popular sights Preferences: May Attraction style: Popular sights Pace: Medium 13 days in Turkmenistan BY A USER FROM GREECE July, popular sights Preferences: July Attraction style: Popular sights Pace: Medium 15 days in Turkmenistan BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES September, culture, historic sites, wildlife, slow & easy, popular sights Preferences: September, culture, historic sites, wildlife Attraction style: Popular sights Pace: Slow & easy 8 days in Turkmenistan BY A USER FROM INDIA March, popular sights Preferences: March Attraction style: Popular sights Pace: Medium 47 days in Asia BY A USER FROM NETHERLANDS July, popular sights Preferences: July Attraction style: Popular sights Pace: Medium 7 days in Turkmenistan BY A USER FROM INDIA February, popular sights Preferences: February Attraction style: Popular sights Pace: Medium 8 days in Turkmenistan BY A USER FROM NORWAY March, culture, outdoors, historic sites, popular sights Preferences: March, culture, outdoors, historic sites Attraction style: Popular sights Pace: Medium 15 days in Turkmenistan BY A USER FROM SLOVAKIA February, popular sights Preferences: February Attraction style: Popular sights Pace: Medium 11 days in Turkmenistan BY A USER FROM INDIA July, popular sights Preferences: July Attraction style: Popular sights Pace: Medium 14 days in Turkmenistan BY A USER FROM INDIA August, popular sights Preferences: August Attraction style: Popular sights Pace: Medium 37 days in Turkmenistan BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES January, popular sights Preferences: January Attraction style: Popular sights Pace: Medium
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