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Gyaur Kala, Mary

4.2
#1 of 16 in Historic Sites in Turkmenistan
Explore the mysterious ruins of the former Gate to Central Asia at Gyaur Kala, the oldest and best preserved oasis city on the Silk Road, and a World Heritage Site. Spanning 4,000 years of human history, the archeological site has a walled area covering 20 ha (49 ac). Claimed to have been the largest city in the world in the 12th century, the ancient metropolis has layers of civilizations, including Persian, Hellenic, Arab, Seljuk, Mongol, and Khiva, with the most intriguing stone structure being the Zoroastrian "gawurgala," or infidel’s fortress. Located near the Murghab River some 30 km (19 mi) west of Mary, the site also features a well-preserved mausoleum of a Seljuk sultan. To get a greater sense of the history, hire a local guide, who'll help you make sense of these massive eroding pillars and abandoned stone structures. Use our Mary online trip itinerary builder to arrange your visit to Gyaur Kala and other attractions in Mary.
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TripAdvisor
  • The ancient city of Merv was one of the magnificent city of Silk Road in history, so I wonder if it was one of the city, music was meant to be the ruins of the mud-brick fortresses of ancient times, since then, has reached up to.. Bello Mutasavvuf Hallam Joseph Hemedani Sencerin, Seljuk Sultan Tomb absolute Holiness is seen ...
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  • We took 3.5 hours to visit the main areas of this massive archeological site. The ruins of the ancient civilisations are amazing and incredibly photogenic. There is an amazing amount of history here ,...  more »
  • It could be done more for the preservation of this historic facility, so enough money is available for Ashgabat with its monumental buildings.
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8 days in Turkmenistan BY A USER FROM IRAQ May, culture, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites, museums, shopping, wildlife, popular PREFERENCES: May, culture, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites, museums, shopping, wildlife ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 11 days in Turkmenistan BY A USER FROM TURKMENISTAN July, kids, beaches, shopping, popular PREFERENCES: July, kids, beaches, shopping ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 14 days in Turkmenistan BY A USER FROM VIETNAM July, popular PREFERENCES: July ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 27 days in Turkmenistan BY A USER FROM INDIA May, popular PREFERENCES: May ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 32 days in Turkmenistan BY A USER FROM TURKEY May, popular PREFERENCES: May ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 20 days in Turkmenistan BY A USER FROM PAKISTAN May, romantic, popular PREFERENCES: May, romantic ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 11 days in Turkmenistan BY A USER FROM PUERTO RICO April, culture, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites, museums, shopping, wildlife, popular PREFERENCES: April, culture, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites, museums, shopping, wildlife ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 7 days in Mary Province BY A USER FROM TURKEY June, popular PREFERENCES: June ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 9 days in Turkmenistan BY A USER FROM TURKEY June, popular PREFERENCES: June ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 7 days in Turkmenistan BY A USER FROM TURKMENISTAN June, popular PREFERENCES: June ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 14 days in Turkmenistan BY A USER FROM GERMANY September, popular PREFERENCES: September ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 9 days in Turkmenistan BY A USER FROM GERMANY June, popular PREFERENCES: June ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium
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