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Samsun

Samsun is a city with a population over half a million people on the north coast of Turkey. It is the provincial capital of Samsun Province and a major Black Sea port. The growing city has two universities, several hospitals, shopping malls, a lot of light manufacturing industry, sports facilities and an opera.Mustafa Kemal Atatürk began the Turkish War of Independence here in 1919.NameThe present name of the city may come from its former Greek name of Amisos by a shortening of Eis Amisos + ounta to Sampsunda and then Samsun.The early Greek historian Hecataeus wrote that Amisos was formerly called Enete, the place mentioned in Homer's Iliad. It has also been known as Peiraieos by Athenian settlers and even briefly as Pompeiopolis by a Roman statesman who wanted it named after him.The city was called Simisso by the Genoese and during the Ottoman Empire the present name was written inHistoryPaleolithic artifacts found in the Tekkeköy Caves can be seen in Samsun Archaeology Museum.The earliest layer excavated of the höyük of Dündartepe revealed a Chalcolithic settlement. Early Bronze Age and Hittite settlements were also found there and at Tekkeköy.
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