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Your Guide To Turkey, Istanbul

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TURKEY FACTS

Full Country Name: Republic of Turkey

Founder: Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

Population: 76,667,864 (2013 estimate)

Capital: Ankara

Area: 779,452 square kilometers (300,948 square miles)

Coast: 4,474 miles (7,200 km)

Highest Point: Mount Ararat by 16,949 feet (5,166 m)

Language: Turkish, Kurdish, Arabic, Armenian, Greek

Religion: Muslim (mostly Sunni)

Currency: Turkish lira

Timezone: GMT + 2

Life Expectancy: 70

GDP per Capita: $ 6,800

Literacy Percent: 88

Unemployment: %12

Major trading partners: China, Germany, UK, Iraq, Russia, U.S, Italy, France, Russia, Iran

Bordering Countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Georgia, Greece, Iran, Iraq and Syria

BRIEF HISTORY OF TURKEY

The history of Turkey is about 13.000 year-old civilization starting with the very recent excavation of Gobeklitepe; 10,080 B.C, some call it just a settlement, some say the first known temple of human being. Hunter-gatherers, Neolithic Period, Hittites, Phrygians, Persians, Sumerians, the Roman Period, Byzantines, The Seljuk Turks, the Great Ottoman Empire, and the Turkish Republic now.

Rather than the classical note as "a bridge between East & West" which is true, it is also the country that keeps the cultures in the same pot from the Middle East and the Mediterranean, the Balkans and Central Asia.

Personally, what makes Turkey so special is this great combination of the geography, different colors from all around, and each seven region’s (Black Sea, Marmara, Aegean, Mediterranean, Southeastern, Eastern and Anatolia’s being reputable for their own way hospitality which you sometimes offend by saying “no” to one of this hospitalities when trying not to offend. :-)

While we know the saying: “There is always a bad egg in the same basket”; you mostly come across some hassling while wandering around super touristy shops trying to sell you something.

October 29, 1923 is a fateful date in Turkish history. On that date, Mustafa Kemal Pasha (Mustafa Kemal Ataturk) the liberator of his country, proclaimed the Republic of Turkey. The new homogeneous nation-state stood in sharp contrast to the multi-ethnic Ottoman Empire out of whose ashes it arose. The dynasty and theocratic Ottoman system, with its Sultanate and Caliphate, thus came to an end. Atatürk's Turkey dedicated itself to the sovereignty of the national will - to the creation of, in President's words, "the state of the people ". The Republic swiftly moved to put an end to the so-called "Capitulations ", the special rights and privileges that the Ottomans had granted to some European powers. The New Turkey's ideology was, and remains, "Kemalism", later known as "Atatürkism". Its basic principles stress the republican form of government representing the power of electorate, secular administration, nationalism, mixed economy with state participation in many of the vital sectors, and modernization. Atatürkism introduced to Turkey the process of parliamentary and participatory democracy.

Mentioning the different colors, tastes, worlds; population is remarkably a beautiful aroma/mixture of everything. A big number of Muslim Sunnis, Kurds, Greeks, Albanians, Crimean Tatars, Azeris, Daghestanlis, Abkhazians and Circassians.

A big list of archeological sites for the same reason are awaiting for you to be discovered again and again, respected, listened and shared all around the World that once commanded by Hittites, Urartians, Phrygian, Hellenistic Period, Roman Empire, Byzantine Empire, Armeno-Georgian, Seljuk, Ottoman that held their flags here before the nineteen century. From the first-known temple of human being, first statue of human being to Mother Goddess Kybele symbolizing fertility, First War Treaty of human being; Kadesh Treaty to First Wine Making, King Midas to Alexander The Great to King Midas and many other travelers including Strabo and Herodotus also passed the same path, here in this very beautiful country, now it is your turn to imagine it all together.

SOME HIGHLIGHTS TO SEE:

Antalya, Fethiye, Alanya, Kemer, Belek, Side, Mugla Bodrum, Didim, Ayvalık, Edremit, Torba - Bitez - Calis Beach - Hisarounu - Marmaris - Akyaka -Dalaman - Altinkum - Kusadasi - Icmeler - Dalyan - Pamukkale - Ephesus - Gumbet - Kumlubuk - Oludeniz - Turunc - Sarigerme - Oludeniz - Çeşme- İzmir - Saklikent, Kayakoy, St.Nicholas Island, Kas, Kekova, Simena, Gokkaya bay, Myra, Demre, St.Nicholas Church,Troy, Gallipoli, Canakkale, Pergamum, Pamukkale, Hierapolis, Koycegiz, Fethiye, Demre, Cappadocia,Urgup, Goreme, Derinkuyu Underground City, Nevsehir,Aspendos, Perge, Kursunlu Waterfall, Tinaztepe Cave, Konya, Sultanhani, Uchisar castle, Ihlara Valley, Nemrut, Urfa, Harran, Sumela Monastery, Trabzon, Rize, Artvin, Black Sea coast, Bursa, Abant and Ankara are among the world-famous tourism centers of Turkey.

HOW IS TURKEY WRITTEN IN DIFFERENT LANGUANGES:

Türkiye , Turchia , Turkey , Turqi , 土耳其 , Turquie , Turquía , トルコ , Törökország , Турция , Turecko , Туреччина , Τουρκία , Turkye , Թուրքիա ,Tyrkland ,Turchia , თურქეთი , तुर्किये , Türkiyə , তুরস্ক , Turkia , Turska , Turecko , Турци , Twrci , Tyrkiet , Tırkiya , Turkojska ތުރުކީވިލާތް , Τουρκία Turquía , ترکیه , Turkki , Turquie ,טורקיה , तुर्की , Tirkiyê , Turcia ,Turcija , Турција , തുര്ക്കി , Турк , तुर्कस्तान , Turkije , Turcja , تركيا Turquia , Turkiya , Турция , Турска , துருக்கி , టర్కీ Türkiýe , Төркия , טערקיי

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Happy Travelling to everyone and please enjoy our page now.

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  • Before I begin my detailed description of the experience my family and I had, let me just say that this is by far one of the best Private tour trip I have ever been on and I have been to numerous...  more »
  • Onur was our tour guide for our international uni trip to Turkey inJuky and he was definitely the BEST tour guide I ever met in my life!! He is really awesome; a great personality, very caring, funny....  more »
  • Onur organised a private tour for my group of friends in August this year. Everything was as per his itinerary. His lovely colleague Ahu took the group for this overnight adventure. They could not.....  more »

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