Rumkale, Gaziantep

4.4
#3 of 7 in Historic Sites in Gaziantep
Rumkale was a powerful fortress on the river Euphrates, 50 km west of Şanlıurfa. It is called Hromkla or Kela zêrîn in Kurdish, Qal'ah Rumita in Syriac, قلعة الروم Qal'at al-Rum in Arabic, Rumkale in Turkish, Հռոմկլա" in all cases.Its strategic location was already known to the Assyrians, although the present structure is largely Hellenistic and Roman in origin. The site was occupied by various Byzantine and Armenian warlords during the Middle Ages. During the 12th c, it also became the seat of an Armenian bishop. In 1179, a synod took place in Rumkale, attempting a compromise between the Greeks and the Armenians. From 1203 to 1293, it served as the residence of the Catholicos of the Armenian Church. In 1293 it was captured by the Mamluks of Egypt following a protracted siege who then named it Qal'at al-Muslimin.The fortress, now situated across a peninsula created by the reservoir of Birecik Dam and within the administrative boundaries of Şanlıurfa's Halfeti district, is currently accessible by boat either from the neighboring site of Zeugma or from the town of Halfeti. As of March 2017, it was not possible to land at the site; extensive (re)building is under way inside the fortress and on the external walls. Much of the surrounding work of the fortress, along with local villages and farmland, has been flooded; it is not clear how much of the entrance way up from the western side remains undamaged by the rising waters.
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  • August 10, 2017
    Have the opportunity to see with new Halfetiden boat photo enthusiasts will surely go and photograph it where needed
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  • August 9, 2017
    A great beauty to be seen in Gaziantep dishes are also pretty good. While visiting the boat and eat easily rinsed caya can drink Damerell even you can have a picnic. The only bad thing about Pump come you along the way at the entrance to man, they're a little tight, but the teams that meet in case it's a nice place
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  • August 8, 2017
    I went in the winter weather to the region that was pretty good luck went on tour with an immediate boat accompanied by plenty of photos and history behind the rest of the people have to carry in their homes Paco thaysen, you feel the memories
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Where to stay in Gaziantep

In Gaziantep you can wander the narrow-laned old town, with its old stone houses, just steps from your hotel. Because many of the old houses and their large interior courtyards have survived for decades, they now house museums, cafes, hotels, and inns. Surrounding the Old Town is a collection of moderately priced three- and four-star hotels. The city is well known for its food culture, restaurants, baklava bakeries, and bustling bazaars, so you'll want to stay close to the downtown core to experience that atmosphere. If budget is concern, look to the few guesthouses and hostels in the city, although they are a little removed from the central area.
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