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Trip Planner Europe  /  Turkey  /  Adiyaman Province  /  Adiyaman
(3.7/5 based on 340+ reviews for 4 attractions)
Things to do: historic sites, museums
Adıyaman is a city in southeastern Turkey, capital of the Adıyaman Province. It is one of the fastest-growing cities in Turkey. The population rose from 100,045 to 202,735 .EtymologyThe city officially had the name Hısn-ı Mansur until the year 1926, named after the fortified castle perched on a hill around which the city grew. As this name was difficult for the locals to pronounce, people were referring the city as adı yaman, which means "its name is tough" or " whose name is tough" in Turkish. In 1926, this term was adopted as the official name of the city. In present-day Turkish, the word yaman can also have a strong positive connotation, just like the English word 'terrific'.ClimateAdıyaman has a Mediterranean climate with some continental characteristics. Summers are very hot and very dry. Temperatures reach 40C at the height of summer for the majority of the time. The highest recorded temperature was 45.3C on 30 July 2000. Winters in Adıyaman are cool/cold and quite often snowy. The lowest recorded temperature was -14.4C on 24 January 1972.HistoryThe area has been inhabited as far back as it is possible to discover. Research in the cave of Palanlı 10 km north of Adıyaman show occupation in 40,000 BC and other digs in Samsat reveal continuous occupation through the stone and Bronze Ages.From 900BC onwards came waves of invasions from Assyrians, Persians, and Macedonians until the Commagene kingdom was founded in 69BC. This was the civilisation that built the statues on top of nearby Mount Nemrut. The capital was in Samsat (Samosata) but the town of Adıyaman was a walled city of the Commagenes. The city walls of Adıyaman have been restored and replaced many times since.
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