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Onze-Lieve-Vrouwetoren, Amersfoort
(4.6/5 based on 100+ reviews on the web)
The Onze-Lieve-Vrouwetoren is a church tower in Amersfoort. The Late Gothic building is 98.33m tall and reaches high above the inner city. It is one of the most eye-catching monuments in town and the third highest church tower in the Netherlands. The nickname of the tower is Lange Jan . The church that belonged to the tower was destroyed by a gunpowder explosion in the 18th century.HistoryThe first chapel on site was constructed on this site in the 14th century. In the 15th century the chapel was replaced by new church with three aisles. When the tower was built is not exactly known. Construction started around 1444 and was finished around 1470. The official documents of the construction were destroyed by the Protestants in 1579 during the reformation and the ensuing iconoclasm. The church and tower were taken over by the Protestants and no longer belonged to the Catholics.The church also has been used for other purposes than worshiping. It was used as a storage place for ammunition and as laboratory for the manufacturing of shells.In 1986 some research was done into its history and in the current square one can see the original plan of the church. The spire of the church burned down in 1651 and also in 1804. The tower was restored in 1912–1932, in 1965–1970 and in 1993–1996.Dutch grid reference systemThe middle point of the Dutch grid reference system is situated in the tower. From origin the tower spin was the middle of the grid with x = 0 and y = 0. This grid system was set up in the period 1885-1904. The coördinates where also called Amersfoort coördinates. The Zero-point was moved in the period 1960-1978, it moved 155 km Westwards and 463 km Southwards (120 km Southeast of Paris, 1 km East of La Celle-Saint-Cyr). The coördinates of the middle point since then are X = 155 000, Y = 463 000. Advantage of this new Zero-point is that there are no negative coördinates anymore and the X values differ from the Y values so mistakes shall not occure anymore.
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Reviews
TripAdvisor
  • A beautiful historic place in Amersfoort. The church tower is the third highest in the Netherlands and in the evening great lit. Around the square there are cafes and restaurants that invite you to linger.
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  • When you want to know something about the history of Amersfoort: visit this tower. It is just a part of the former church. A guide can tell you a lot of things about 
  • We went up the tower with a guide, who explained the history of the building and shared some funny anecdotes on the tower. Very interesting and they stop regularly so it was not too straining to go up...  more »
Google
  • Mooi uitzicht vanaf boven af.
  • Moet je gezien hebben!
  • Visibility up to Amsterdam to Utrecht and Almere
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  • book was better
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  • good joh
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