Kotmale Dam, Kotmale

#28 of 43 in Parks in Central Province
The Upper Kotmale Dam is located in Talawakele, within the Nuwara Eliya District, in the Central Province of Sri Lanka. The dam feeds the third largest hydroelectric power station in the country.HistoryThe project was initially planned in 1968 by the local authorities, before the Government of Japan funded a study between 1985 and 1987 to further examine the hydroelectric potential in the upper reaches of Kotmale River. The feasibility study included five sites and eight alternative development schemes, and concluded with two sites which were more technically and economically feasible.The two sites were a conventional type at Caledonia, and a run-of-the-river type at Talawakele. The project at Caledonia involved the displacement of over 2,700 families and inundation of large areas of land used for tea plantations, and thus the Caledonia site was dropped. Further funding was then provided by Japan for the engineering study, which included a review of the feasibility study, selection of an optimal development plan, development of the detailed design, and the preparation of tender documents and an environmental impact assessment report.The environmental impact assessment report was completed in September 1994, with the final design report completed in March 1995. The environmental assessment identified key issues associated with the project, which includes impact on St. Clair's Falls aesthetics due to stream flow reductions, social impacts due to resettlement of affected people, possible effects on ground water due to tunnelling, impacts on downstream water uses due to de-watering of streams, and impacts on biodiversity. These impacts led large delays in project development.
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TripAdvisor Traveler Rating
18 reviews
  • July 7, 2017
    The Kotmale Dam view point is just a place to have the most gorgeous views of the dams, the lake and the surrounding waterfalls. It is just mesmerizing. Enjoy the games of the clouds over the lakes an...  more »
  • April 10, 2017
    Its a great place to visit if you are in Sri Lanka and up country. There is lots of history involved which you will love to see and hear. Worth a visit. Make sure you plan other places to visit also i...  more »
  • March 18, 2017
    This damn is in a very pretty place in the country. The area still has a lot of old Sri Lankan charm. I used to spend a lot of time during my school holidays when I was growing up in Sri Lanka. This a...  more »

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