General Archive of the Spanish Civil War, Salamanca

4.0
#3 of 6 in Museums in Salamanca
Specialty Museum Museum
The General Archive of the Spanish Civil War is a specialist archive containing material related to the Spanish Civil War. It is part of Spain's National Historical Archive and is located in Salamanca.The origins of the Civil War Archive, and the decision to house such documents in Salamanca, date back to the 1930s. The Franco regime decreed, on September 13, 1936, that "all properties and documents belonging to the political parties and organizations mentioned, as well as any others that opposed the movimiento nacional, were to become the property of the State." The definition of organizations opposed to the fascist regime was a fairly broad one, as is evidenced by the fact that the archive includes material related to freemasonry; freemasons were one of the groups viewed with suspicion by Franco and membership carried a prison sentence.With the democratisation of Spain, the purpose of the Archive changed. In 2007 the Archive became part of the Historical Memory Documentary Centre created by the Historical Memory Law. "Historical memory", in this context, refers to Spain's coming to terms with its Civil War and the Franco Dictatorship. The Centre includes material from the 1930s to the 1970s.The Archive has a permanent exhibition, open to the public. It has also developed its on-line presence: a portal called the "Portal de Víctimas de la Guerra Civil y Represaliados del Franquismo" is maintained under the auspices of the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport. As the name implies, it makes available information regarding victims of the Civil War and the Franco Dictatorship. As some of the victims were refugees, the portal not only draws on Spanish archival material, but also foreign sources, including information about Spanish people held in Nazi concentration camps.
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Reviews
TripAdvisor Traveler Rating
79 reviews
Google
4.4
TripAdvisor
  • Came across this by (happy) accident. The museum is the public face of an active research archive. While only limited information is available in English, it provides a fascinating insight into a dark...  more »
  • Despite everything being in Spanish we did enjoy the history and especially the Masonic meeting room and the film. There was an english print sheet to help.  more »
  • A small exhibition of memorabilia and photographs from the Spanish Civil War. The museum also contains a Freemasons Lodge in all its mystery and glory. More work needs to be done for English speaking ...  more »
Google
  • A file that must be maintained to not return to that situation. The room of the Freemasons is fantastic. By the way free.
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  • The local which is visited is very small, it is worth going to see Republicans porpagandisticos posters and national, letters, telegrams, etc of the time. But aside from two videos that are projected in the same room it is not visirable much more.
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  • Interesting place to visit in order to not make the same mistakes that led us to a war Fratricide with a million dead and thousands of exiled and also thousands of victims in the past. Please which will not be repeated. Interesting place to visit
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  • Interesting place
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  • Very interesting. Only cons is not to take photos.
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Where to stay in Salamanca

Known for its uniform sandstone grid of historical buildings, the compact city center is often considered Salamanca's main attraction. Staying in the historical center allows you to explore the many iconic landmarks, quaint plazas, and majestic architecture, as well as experience the lively tapa and wine culture. Tucked away in the cobblestone streets of the center are a number of historical hotels that represent the city's rich cultural heritage, or you can opt to stay at one of the many family-owned pensions that dot the area for a more affordable accommodation option.
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