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Peniscola

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Peníscola or Peñíscola, anglicised as Peniscola, is a municipality in the province of Castellón, Valencian Community, Spain. The town is located on the Costa del Azahar, north of the Serra d'Irta along the Mediterranean coast. It is a popular tourist destination.HistoryPeniscola, often called the "Gibraltar of Valencia," and locally as "The City in the Sea", is a fortified seaport, with a lighthouse, built on a rocky headland about 220 feet (67 m) high, and joined to the mainland by only a narrow strip of land. The history of the place goes back to the Iberians. Later the town became Phoenician, named Tyreche, then Greek, under the name Chersonesos (meaning "peninsula"). It was next captured by the Carthaginians under Hamilcar Barca; legend has it that this is the place where he made his son Hannibal swear an oath that he would never be a friend of Rome.The present castle was built by the Knights Templar between 1294 and 1307. In the fourteenth century it was garrisoned by the Knights of Montesa, and in 1420 it reverted to the Crown of Aragon. From 1415 to 1423 it was the home of the schismatic Avignon pope Benedict XIII (Pedro de Luna), whose name is commemorated in the Castell del Papa Luna, the name of the medieval castle, and Bufador del Papa Luna, a curious cavern with a landward entrance through which the seawater escapes in clouds of spray.
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8 days in Spain BY A USER FROM SPAIN August, popular PREFERENCES: August ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 9 days in Valencian Country BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES August, culture, outdoors, historic sites, museums, popular PREFERENCES: August, culture, outdoors, historic sites, museums ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 8 days in Peniscola BY A USER FROM LATVIA October, kids, beaches, shopping, popular PREFERENCES: October, kids, beaches, shopping ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 15 days in Spain BY A USER FROM UNITED ARAB EMIRATES August, kids, popular PREFERENCES: August, kids ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 32 days in Valencian Country BY A USER FROM LEBANON July, fast-paced, popular PREFERENCES: July ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Fast-paced 4 days in Peniscola BY A USER FROM NETHERLANDS August, kids, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: August, kids ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Medium 20 days in Spain & France BY A USER FROM SPAIN July, culture, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites, popular PREFERENCES: July, culture, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 7 days in Valencian Country BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES September, popular PREFERENCES: September ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 6 days in Peniscola BY A USER FROM UKRAINE July, popular PREFERENCES: July ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 13 days in Spain & Andorra BY A USER FROM NORWAY August, culture, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites, hidden gems PREFERENCES: August, culture, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites ATTRACTION STYLE: Hidden gems PACE: Medium 16 days in Spain BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES June, teens, culture, outdoors, beaches, popular PREFERENCES: June, teens, culture, outdoors, beaches ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 14 days in Spain BY A USER FROM GERMANY August, hidden gems PREFERENCES: August ATTRACTION STYLE: Hidden gems PACE: Medium
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