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Olivenza

Olivença or Olivenza is a town situated on a disputed section of the border between Portugal and Spain. It is formaly part of Portugal, but it has been administrated by Spain since 1801 . Portugal holds a claim on the town and its surrounding territory .As Olivença, the town was under Portuguese sovereignty between 1297 and 1801 when it was ceded to Spain under the Treaty of Badajoz. Spain has since administered the territory, whilst Portugal invokes the self-revocation of the Treaty of Badajoz, plus the Treaty of Vienna of 1815, to claim the return of the territory. In spite of the territorial dispute between Portugal and Spain, the issue has not been a sensitive matter in the relations between these two countries. Olivenza and other neighbouring Portuguese and Spanish towns reached an agreement in 2008 to create a euroregion.GeographyOlivenza is located on the left bank of the Guadiana river, at an equal distance of 24km south of Elvas in Portugal and Badajoz in Spain. The territory is triangular, with a smaller side resting on the Guadiana and the opposite vertex entering south-east and surrounded by Spanish territory. By an agreement between Spain and Portugal, the left bank of the river was recognized as being Portuguese territory, and sets de facto border in that area.
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