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Trip Planner Europe  /  Spain  /  Andalucia  /  Province of Cordoba  /  Baena

Baena

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Baena is a town of Andalucia in the province of Córdoba in southern Spain. It is picturesquely situated near the river Marbella on the slope of a hill southeast of Córdoba by road. The population of the town is 20,266 (2012).HistoryThe site of the Roman town (Baniana or Biniana) could still be traced as late as the First World War, with various Roman antiquities excavated from the site. In 1833, a subterranean vault was discovered, containing twelve cinerary urns with inscriptions commemorating members of the Pompeian family.The hill is crowned by fortifications. In 1292, the Moors under Mahommed II of Granada vainly besieged the citadel, which was held for Sancho IV of Castile; the five Moorish heads in its coat-of-arms commemorates the occasion. The castile was a base for Gonzalo de Cordova and was held in the 19th century by the Altamira family. At that time, it held four parish churches and three schools conducted by sisters of charity. The girls' school held a high reputation in its province, despite not going beyond reading, writing, arithmetic, and religious instruction. Its population was around 12,000 in the 1870s and 15,000 by the turn of the century. Grain and olive oil were the principal articles of commerce in the 19th century; by the time of the First World War, horse-breeding and linen-weaving had also developed, despite the nearest railroad station being at Luque.
Baena is in Province of Cordoba. Our Spain trip planner combines visitor reviews with your personal interests to make an itinerary informed by experts, but tailored to suit your style.
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Popular things to do in Baena

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Duration: 1​h 30​min

Side trips from Baena

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Duration: 3​h
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Duration: 2​h 30​min
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Duration: 2​h 30​min

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