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Alcudia

Trip Planner Europe  /  Spain  /  Balearic Islands  /  Majorca  /  Alcudia
Alcúdia is a municipality and township of the Spanish autonomous community of the Balearic Islands. It is the main tourist centre in the North of Majorca. It is a large resort popular with families. Most of the hotels are located in Port d'Alcúdia and Platja d'Alcúdia along the 14 km long beach that stretches all the way to Can Picafort. In Alcúdia the old town is well preserved with houses dating back to the 13th century. The old town is surrounded by a medieval wall.HistoryThe area where Alcúdia is located has been inhabited since the Bronze Age, but it is with the arrival of the Romans that the city makes its entry in the history books. The Romans used the beaches of Alcúdia bay when they captured the island in 123 B.C. Shortly after this the capital Palma was founded and then the city of Pollentia. From Pollentia it was possible to view both the bay of Pollenca and the bay of Alcúdia. Pollentia served as a guard for other invaders. The city was also mentioned in Rome since they here produced excellent fabrics that were used in the most exclusive togas.After Rome had lost its position as a dominant power in the western Mediterranean area Pollentia was attacked by pirates and several times by the Vandals. Finally the city was abandoned and the remaining population left to create a new town at a more protected and safe location. This town became Pollenca and the area where Pollentia had been was left in ruins.After the invasion of the Moors a farmstead was created very close to where the ancient village of Pollentia had been. The farm was called Alcúdia which is Arabic for "on the hill". In 1229 the Moors were defeated by King James I of Aragon who overtook the power of the area. In 1298 King James II of Aragon bought the farmstead Alcúdia and founded the new town. A church, a graveyard, a house for the priest and a square was created in the same year. The construction of the walls was also initiated at the same time and finished in 1362. The city plan that was made at the time is the same that Alcúdia still has. During the renaissance the walls were reconstructed and a second wall was constructed outside the old one. This wall is today torn down and only details show where it once was.
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