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Alcala De Henares

Alcalá de Henares, meaning Citadel on the river Henares, is a Spanish city whose historical centre is one of UNESCO's World Heritage Sites. The city stands out for its rich archaeology and was one of the first bishoprics founded in Spain. Located in the Autonomous Community of Madrid, 35km northeast of the city of Madrid, at an altitude of 588m above sea level, it has a population of around 200,000. Locally, the city is generally known simply as "Alcalá", but "de Henares" is appended when needed to differentiate it from a dozen Spanish cities sharing the name Alcalá (from the Arabic word al-qal'a القلعة for fortification or citadel). The Latin name, Complutum, is sometimes used. The city is capital of its namesake region, Comarca de Alcalá.HistoryThe city boundaries have been inhabited since the Calcolithic phase of the Bronze Age. Romans conquered the area in the 1st century BC, and built the town of Complutum near a previous Celtiberian settlement, called Iplacea. Thus, it became the only Roman town in the Madrid region. With 10,000 inhabitants, it reached the status of Municipium and had its own governing institutions. After the downfall of the Roman Empire, under the Visigoths, it declined, although it also became a pilgrimage destination in remembrance of the Saints Justo and Pastor.
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Recently planned trips to Alcala De Henares

60 days in South of Spain & Community of Madrid BY A USER FROM CANADA January, culture, outdoors, historic sites, museums, hidden gems PREFERENCES: January, culture, outdoors, historic sites, museums ATTRACTION STYLE: Hidden gems PACE: Medium 5 days in Alcala De Henares & Madrid BY A USER FROM URUGUAY November, kids, popular PREFERENCES: November, kids ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 14 days in Community of Madrid BY A USER FROM PUERTO RICO November, popular PREFERENCES: November ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 3 days in Alcala De Henares BY A USER FROM MONGOLIA October, popular PREFERENCES: October ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 31 days in Spain, Lisbon & Shannon BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES June, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: June ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Medium 32 days in Alcala De Henares & Madrid BY A USER FROM SPAIN August, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: August ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Medium 12 days in Spain & Lisbon BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES September, romantic, beaches, historic sites, hidden gems PREFERENCES: September, romantic, beaches, historic sites ATTRACTION STYLE: Hidden gems PACE: Medium 17 days in Spain BY A USER FROM NORWAY August, popular PREFERENCES: August ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 3 days in Alcala De Henares BY A USER FROM SPAIN August, popular PREFERENCES: August ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 15 days in Europe BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES August, culture, romantic, beaches, historic sites, museums, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: August, culture, romantic, beaches, historic sites, museums ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Medium 19 days in Spain BY A USER FROM PERU June, culture, romantic, museums, slow & easy, hidden gems PREFERENCES: June, culture, romantic, museums ATTRACTION STYLE: Hidden gems PACE: Slow & easy 22 days in Spain BY A USER FROM PUERTO RICO July, popular PREFERENCES: July ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium
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