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Velenje

Trip Planner Europe  /  Slovenia  /  Styria Region  /  Velenje
(4.6/5 based on 30+ reviews for 2 attractions)
Things to do: sightseeing, historic sites
Velenje is Slovenia's fifth-largest city, and the seat of the Municipality of Velenje. The city is located in northeastern Slovenia, among the rolling green hills of the Šalek Valley, with the Kamnik–Savinja Alps to the west and Pohorje Mountains to the east.HistoryNameVelenje was first attested in written sources in 1264 as Weln . The name derives from *Velen′e selo 'Velenъ's village'. A less likely hypothesis derives the name from the Slovene common noun velen 'pasture for livestock'. The name of the town was changed to Titovo Velenje in 1981 in honor of the Yugoslav leader Josip Broz Tito. The name Velenje was restored in 1990, just before the declaration of Slovenian independence in 1991. In the past, the German name of the settlement was Wöllan.Mass graveThe Koželj Mass Grave from the period immediately after World War II, is located in the Goll Woods below Big Koželj Hill beside a tributary of Trubušnica Creek. It contains the remains of a truckload of Slovene civilian prisoners, including many Velenje natives, that were transported from the prisons in Celje and shot on 15 June 1945. The site is marked by an official inventory sign and a small concrete plaque.Modern historyThe 1889 Old Velenje, the old part of today's city, was a small market town with 364 citizens, located downtown at the foot of Velenje Castle. The lignite mining industry in the area contributed to the expansion of the town before World War II.
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