St. John the Baptist Cathedral, Trnava

4.8
#1 of 13 in Historic Sites in Trnava Region
St. John the Baptist Cathedral (Katedrála svätého Jána Krstiteľa, Keresztelő Szent János székesegyház) is one of the most significant historic monuments of Trnava, western Slovakia.HistoryThe Cathedral is the first purely Baroque building built in present-day Slovakia. It is part of a complex of academical buildings. The donor of this Cathedral, Miklós Eszterházy, entrusted its construction to the Italian masters Antonio and Pietro Spazzi in 1629. The not-yet-finished cathedral was consecrated in 1637.The single-nave two-tower Cathedral with straight seal of sanctuary has a west aspect and is about in length and in width. Above its main portal there is a shield with figures of seated angels and the stoned crest of the Esterházy family.The interior of the Cathedral amazes a visitor with its massiveness and variety of unique paintings. The main area has barrel vaults with lunettes, while in the chapels on both sides of nave can be found cloister vaults.The biggest treasure of the whole interior is the colossal main altar which was finished in 1640. On its realisation participated besides the Austrian master B. Knilling and V. Knoth also V. Stadler from Trnava and master Ferdinand from Cífer. The altar is high and wide and is one of the biggest altars of its kind in Europe.The painters and stuccoer's decoration of the interior is the work of artists G. B. Rossa, G. Tornini and P. Conti. The ceiling’s paintings are by the north Italian painters F. I. Grafenstein and C. Ricchi (Source Dr. Medvecky, 2008).The church doesn’t hold only spiritual functions; there were many theological treatises and graduations. Very interesting also are the catacombs with graves.
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  • In many UK and American Tourist Books, there are stated to be two Cathedrals in Trnava, but in fact there is only one - St. John. [ The other claimed in these guides - St. Nicholas, is a Basilica ]. S...  more »
  • This religious building is of incredible beauty, both inside and outside. Everything is beautiful: architecture, decorations, paintings, sculptures, the organ, and especially the altar. We stayed there a whole hour without seeing time pass. A fun fact: after we had taken a large number of photos under his eyes for a good half hour, a lovely lady came say us very politely and with a smile that he was forbidden to photograph. She told us that, in return, there was a brochure in different languages. Brochure we bought him, of course, in gratitude for his kindness.
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  • The most beautiful church in Trnava. A beautiful altar, side altars, sculptures and ceiling, of course. This church is a real gem. Be sure to visit it.
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8 days in Piestany BY A USER FROM SLOVAKIA June, popular PREFERENCES: June ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 60 days in Bratislava BY A USER FROM TURKEY August, popular PREFERENCES: August ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 1 day in Trnava BY A USER FROM SLOVAKIA May, culture, historic sites, museums, popular PREFERENCES: May, culture, historic sites, museums ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 1 day in Trnava BY A USER FROM SLOVAKIA May, culture, historic sites, museums, shopping, popular PREFERENCES: May, culture, historic sites, museums, shopping ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 2 days in Trnava BY A USER FROM SLOVAKIA May, popular PREFERENCES: May ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 25 days in Piestany BY A USER FROM SAUDI ARABIA August, culture, outdoors, relaxing, popular PREFERENCES: August, culture, outdoors, relaxing ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 2 days in Piestany BY A USER FROM SLOVAKIA May, popular PREFERENCES: May ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 1 day in Piestany BY A USER FROM ISRAEL August, teens, kids, outdoors, historic sites, popular PREFERENCES: August, teens, kids, outdoors, historic sites ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 2 days in Pezinok BY A USER FROM MALTA May, culture, outdoors, historic sites, shopping, popular PREFERENCES: May, culture, outdoors, historic sites, shopping ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 8 days in Piestany BY A USER FROM AUSTRALIA May, culture, romantic, historic sites, museums, popular PREFERENCES: May, culture, romantic, historic sites, museums ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 24 days in Bratislava BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES May, outdoors, relaxing, popular PREFERENCES: May, outdoors, relaxing ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 32 days in Bratislava BY A USER FROM ESTONIA June, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: June ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Medium
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