Trip Planner : Europe / Slovakia / Trnava Region / Trnava / Historic Sites / St. John the Baptist Cathedral
St. John the Baptist Cathedral, Trnava
Categories: Churches, Tourist Spots
St. John the Baptist Cathedral (Katedrála svätého Jána Krstiteľa, Keresztelő Szent János székesegyház) is one of the most significant historic monuments of Trnava, western Slovakia.HistoryThe Cathedral is the first purely Baroque building built in present-day Slovakia. It is part of a complex of academical buildings. The donor of this Cathedral, Miklós Eszterházy, entrusted its construction to the Italian masters Antonio and Pietro Spazzi in 1629. The not-yet-finished cathedral was consecrated in 1637.The single-nave two-tower Cathedral with straight seal of sanctuary has a west aspect and is about in length and in width. Above its main portal there is a shield with figures of seated angels and the stoned crest of the Esterházy family.The interior of the Cathedral amazes a visitor with its massiveness and variety of unique paintings. The main area has barrel vaults with lunettes, while in the chapels on both sides of nave can be found cloister vaults.The biggest treasure of the whole interior is the colossal main altar which was finished in 1640. On its realisation participated besides the Austrian master B. Knilling and V. Knoth also V. Stadler from Trnava and master Ferdinand from Cífer. The altar is high and wide and is one of the biggest altars of its kind in Europe.The painters and stuccoer's decoration of the interior is the work of artists G. B. Rossa, G. Tornini and P. Conti. The ceiling’s paintings are by the north Italian painters F. I. Grafenstein and C. Ricchi (Source Dr. Medvecky, 2008).The church doesn’t hold only spiritual functions; there were many theological treatises and graduations. Very interesting also are the catacombs with graves.Make St. John the Baptist Cathedral part of your personalized Trnava itinerary using our Trnava vacation generator.
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