St Sophia cathedral, Vologda

4.6
Saint Sophia Cathedral is a Russian Orthodox cathedral, the oldest surviving stone building in the city of Vologda. It was constructed between 1568 and 1570 under personal supervision of Tsar Ivan the Terrible in the period when Vologda was the capital of the Oprichnina lands in Russia, and completed in 1587. The cathedral is located on the right bank of the Vologda River, just outside the former fortress known as the Vologda Kremlin.The cathedral was designated by the Russian government as an architectural monument of federal significance .HistoryThe cathedral was built in 1568-1570, when Ivan the Terrible introduced the Oprichnina and made Vologda its capital. The model after which the cathedral was built was the Assumption Cathedral in the Moscow Kremlin. Ivan personally supervised the construction, and the builders were permitted to use almost unlimited resources. Ivan also, for unknown reason, ordered the cathedral's unusual orientation: its altar apse does not face east as is common in Orthodox Churches but rather northeast. In 1571, Ivan the Terrible unexpectedly left Vologda and returned to Moscow. Soon afterwards, he abolished the Oprichnina and never showed any further interest in Vologda. He even gave an order for the cathedral to be demolished before he left the city, but subsequently withdrew it. By that time, the cathedral was constructed but not yet decorated or consecrated. The cathedral was completed during the reign of Feodor Ivanovich, the son of Ivan the Terrible, and consecrated in 1587.
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  • Clearly, the main Cathedral in the city. Located near the Kremlin walls. Stately towering on the waterfront. Inside is not entered.
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  • The main landmark of the town, a sleek, slender, ravishing Cathedral in the heart of the city.
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  • Saint Sophia Cathedral-Orthodox Church, now a Museum, the oldest surviving stone structure on the territory of the Vologda. Construction began in the year 1568 by order of Ivan the terrible.
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22 days in Russia BY A USER FROM FRANCE April, culture, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, historic sites, museums, shopping, wildlife, popular PREFERENCES: April, culture, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, historic sites, museums, shopping, wildlife ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 3 days in Vologda BY A USER FROM RWANDA May, popular PREFERENCES: May ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 3 days in Vologda BY A USER FROM FINLAND June, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, popular PREFERENCES: June, outdoors, relaxing, romantic ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 7 days in Vologda BY A USER FROM IRELAND March, popular PREFERENCES: March ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 3 days in Vologda BY A USER FROM UNITED KINGDOM April, popular PREFERENCES: April ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 7 days in Vologda Oblast BY A USER FROM FINLAND March, relaxing, romantic, popular PREFERENCES: March, relaxing, romantic ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 11 days in Vologda BY A USER FROM RUSSIA November, culture, outdoors, beaches, historic sites, museums, wildlife, hidden gems PREFERENCES: November, culture, outdoors, beaches, historic sites, museums, wildlife ATTRACTION STYLE: Hidden gems PACE: Medium 30 days in Cherepovets BY A USER FROM NORWAY July, popular PREFERENCES: July ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 4 days in Vologda BY A USER FROM HUNGARY June, fast-paced, popular PREFERENCES: June ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Fast-paced 7 days in Vologda Oblast BY A USER FROM NETHERLANDS June, popular PREFERENCES: June ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 40 days in Russia BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES June, culture, outdoors, romantic, historic sites, museums, hidden gems PREFERENCES: June, culture, outdoors, romantic, historic sites, museums ATTRACTION STYLE: Hidden gems PACE: Medium 5 days in Vologda Oblast BY A USER FROM RUSSIA August, popular PREFERENCES: August ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium
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