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St Sophia cathedral, Vologda

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Saint Sophia Cathedral is a Russian Orthodox cathedral, the oldest surviving building in the city of Vologda. It was constructed between 1568 and 1570 under personal supervision of Tsar Ivan the Terrible in the period when Vologda was the capital of the Oprichnina lands in Russia, and completed in 1587. The cathedral is located on the right bank of the Vologda River, just outside the former fortress known as the Vologda Kremlin.The cathedral was designated by the Russian government as an architectural monument of federal significance (#3510063013).HistoryThe cathedral was built in 1568-1570, when Ivan the Terrible introduced the Oprichnina and made Vologda its capital. The model after which the cathedral was built was the Assumption Cathedral in the Moscow Kremlin. Ivan personally supervised the construction, and the builders were permitted to use almost unlimited resources. Ivan also, for unknown reason, ordered the cathedral's unusual orientation: its altar apse does not face east as is common in Orthodox Churches but rather northeast. In 1571, Ivan the Terrible unexpectedly left Vologda and returned to Moscow. Soon afterwards, he abolished the Oprichnina and never showed any further interest in Vologda. He even gave an order for the cathedral to be demolished before he left the city, but subsequently withdrew it. By that time, the cathedral was constructed but not yet decorated or consecrated. The cathedral was completed during the reign of Feodor Ivanovich, the son of Ivan the Terrible, and consecrated in 1587.
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  • Glad that temple works, sacred places must be cared for and restored. I vologzhanka itself and has always been a burning desire to not simply adorned the temple against the backdrop of the Kremlin, and that people could feel the power of previous generations. Glad that it happened.
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  • Amazing painting, acoustics and a lasting impression from the service in this beautiful view on the Cathedral. flowing river and cathedrals on the opposite bank of the river
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  • Ivan the terrible was very fond of Vologda, decided to even make it the capital of the Oprichnina. Started building modeled after the Kremlin Dormition Cathedral of Moscow laid the Hagia Sophia. Personally supervised the building, repeatedly visited Vologda. But ... When the Cathedral was completed, Ivan the terrible (according to legend) per head dropped a brick that he described as a bad sign. More in Vologda he not visited, and the Cathedral was osvyachuvavsya already at his son. Be sure to climb the bell tower-beautiful!
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