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Stavropol

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Stavropol is a city and the administrative center of Stavropol Krai, Russia. Population:EtymologyThe name "Stavropol" is a Russian rendition of the Greek name, Stauropolis, meaning "the City of the Cross". According to legend, soldiers found a stone cross there while building the fortress in the city's future location.The Cherkes call the city Shetkala meaning Shet fort.HistoryIt was founded on October 22, 1777 following the Russo-Turkish War of 1768–1774 as a military encampment and designated as a city in 1785. Prince Grigory Potemkin, who founded Stavropol as one of ten fortresses built between Azov and Mozdok at the request of Catherine the Great, played a leading role in the creation of the city. Don Cossacks, particularly those from the Khopersky Regiment, settled the area in and around the cities of Stavropol and Georgiyevsk with a mission to defend borders of the Empire.Alexander I in 1809 invited several Armenian families to settle by the fortress, in order to encourage trade in the region.
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