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Sarov

Sarov is a closed town in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russia. It was known as Arzamas-16 from 1946 to 1991. Until 1995, it was known as Kremlyov . The town is closed as it is the Russian center for nuclear research. Population:HistoryThe history of the town can be divided into two different periods. In the earlier history of Russia it was known as one of the holy places of the Russian Orthodox Church, because of its monastery, that gave Russia one of its greatest saints, St. Seraphim. Since the 1940s, it has gradually become the center for research and production of Soviet and later Russian nuclear weapons.The history of human settlement in the area around Sarov goes back at least to the 12th–13th centuries, when a large Mordvin settlement was founded on its spot. In 1298, the town was taken over by Tatars.The modern town took its name from being the site of the Sarov Monastery next to the Sarov River. In 1664, an Orthodox monk Theodosius first settled on the Sarov hill. The first Church of Sarov tenement was founded in 1706. Saint Seraphim was living in Sarov from 1778 to 1833. In 1903, the monastery was visited by Tsar Nicholas II and other members of the royal family. At that time the monastery had nine churches, including one underground. Around 320 monks lived in the monastery.
Sarov is in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast. Plan your trip to Sarov and other Russia destinations using our handy Russia vacation planner .
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