Koryaksky, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky

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Koryaksky or Koryakskaya Sopka is an active volcano on the Kamchatka Peninsula in the Russian Far East. It lies within sight of Kamchatka Krai's administrative center, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. Together with neighbouring Avachinsky, it has been designated a Decade Volcano, worthy of particular study in light of its history of explosive eruptions and proximity to populated areas.Geological historyKoryaksky lies on the Pacific Ring of Fire, at a point where the Pacific Plate is sliding underneath the Eurasian Plate at about 80 mm/year. A wedge of mantle material lying between the subducting Pacific Plate and the overlying Eurasian Plate is the source of dynamic volcanism over the whole Kamchatka Peninsula.The volcano has probably been active for tens of thousands of years. Geological records indicate that there have been three major eruptions in the last 10,000 years, at 5500 BC, 1950 BC and 1550 BC. These three eruptions seem to have been mainly effusive, generating extensive lava flows.Recent activityKoryaksky erupted for the first time in recorded history in 1890. The eruption was characterised by lava emissions from fissures that opened up on the volcano's southwestern flank, and by phreatic explosions. It was thought to have erupted again five years later, but it was later shown that no eruption had occurred; what was thought to be an eruption column was simply steam generated by strong fumarolic activity.
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23 reviews
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  • Beautiful volcano that you can see from everywhere. You won't find any other volcano that can be so close to you. The city of PK literally is at foot of the Koryaksky. The people call it "domestic" vo...  more »
  • A huge volcano, situated in a picturesque Valley adjacent to the Avachinskim volcano and mount Camel. Volcano climbing are organized, the route is quite complicated and requires training. You can get there by car. Walk along the dry river go I do not recommend, because bear was seen. There is no place to hide)
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  • Although not the largest, view it really is fascinating already at the Airport (if you're lucky with the weather) could only see it completely on the third day. To get there non-summer season (to the foot mean) snowmobile or crawler transporter. It is better to take care about it in advance, because the place where you can come by car there are no stations no houses, only occasionally stop already with groups of tourists. Price hike due to the presence of foreign tourists, but I think the impressions are worth it. Unfortunately got so pofotali from afar.
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