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Orel

Trip Planner Europe  /  Russia  /  Central Russia  /  Oryol Oblast  /  Orel
Oryol or Orel is a city and the administrative center of Oryol Oblast, Russia, located on the Oka River, approximately 360km south-southwest of Moscow. Population:HistoryWhile there are no historical records, archaeological evidence shows that a fortress settlement existed between the Oka and Orlik Rivers as early as the 12th century, when the land was a part of the Principality of Chernigov. The name of the fortress is unknown; it may not have been called Oryol at the time. In the 13th century the fortress became a part of the Zvenigorod district of the Karachev Principality. In the early 15th century, the territory was conquered by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. The city was soon abandoned by its population, after being sacked either by Lithuanians or the Golden Horde. The territory became a part of the Tsardom of Russia in the 16th century.Ivan the Terrible decreed that a new fortress be built on the spot in 1566, for the purpose of defending the southern borders of the country. The fortress was built very speedily, work starting in the summer of 1566 and ending in the spring of 1567. The location chosen was less than ideal strategically, as the fortress was located on a seasonally flooded low ground easily targeted from the neighboring high ground. False Dmitry I and his army passed through Oryol in 1605; Ivan Bolotnikov in 1606; False Dmitry II camped in Oryol for the winter of 1607–1608. Polish intervention sacked it in 1611 and 1615; the population fled after the second sacking and moved to Mtsensk. Orlovsky Uyezd nonetheless continued to exist on paper.
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Places to visit with Orel

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5 days in Orel BY A USER FROM RUSSIA September, fast-paced, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: September ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Fast-paced 6 days in Russia & Brest BY A USER FROM MONTENEGRO June, fast-paced, popular PREFERENCES: June ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Fast-paced 2 days in Orel BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES November, popular PREFERENCES: November ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 2 days in Orel BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES December, relaxing, romantic, beaches, popular PREFERENCES: December, relaxing, romantic, beaches ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 1 day in Orel BY A USER FROM RUSSIA July, popular PREFERENCES: July ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 11 days in Russia BY A USER FROM RUSSIA December, culture, outdoors, relaxing, beaches, historic sites, museums, shopping, popular PREFERENCES: December, culture, outdoors, relaxing, beaches, historic sites, museums, shopping ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 11 days in Russia BY A USER FROM RUSSIA December, culture, outdoors, relaxing, beaches, historic sites, museums, shopping, popular PREFERENCES: December, culture, outdoors, relaxing, beaches, historic sites, museums, shopping ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 8 days in Russia BY A USER FROM RUSSIA December, teens, culture, outdoors, relaxing, beaches, historic sites, museums, shopping, popular PREFERENCES: December, teens, culture, outdoors, relaxing, beaches, historic sites, museums, shopping ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium
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