Simonov Monastery, Moscow

4.8
Simonov Monastery in Moscow was established in 1370 by monk Feodor, a nephew and disciple of St Sergius of Radonezh.The monastery land formerly belonged to Simeon Khovrin, a boyar of Greek extraction and progenitor of the great clan of Golovins. He took monastic vows in the cloister under the name Simon ; many of his descendants are also buried there. In 1379, the monastery was moved half a mile to the east. Its original location, where bodies of the warriors killed in the Battle of Kulikovo had been buried, is still commemorated by the old Simonov church.During the 15th century, the cloister was the richest in Moscow. Among the learned monks who lived and worked there were Vassian Patrikeyev and Maximus the Greek. A white stone cathedral was erected in 1405; it was later enlarged by order of Ivan the Terrible. As the monastery defended southern approaches to Moscow, it was heavily fortified in the 1640s. The last addition to the complex was a huge multi-storied bell-tower, modelled after Ivan the Great Bell Tower of Moscow Kremlin.The monastery was abolished by the Bolsheviks in 1923, and soon thereafter most of its buildings were demolished to make way for an automobile plant. Surviving structures all date back to the 17th century and include three towers of cannon-like appearance and auxiliary buildings in the Naryshkin baroque style. Recently the Moscow government announced plans for a full-scale reconstruction of the famous cloister.
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  • According to ancient Chronicles reveal that the Simonov monastery constantly served "shield Moscow candle voronitskyi". Over the years of its existence the Simonov monastery more than once assumed the onslaught of the enemy hordes, tartar raids, and in the time of troubles was wrecked and destroyed almost to the ground. Spared him and Soviets! In 1930 year power recognized that part of ancient structures on the territory of the monastery can be preserved as historic monuments, but the Cathedral and the walls should be demolished. All that remained of the former greatness of this: the southern wall with three towers: angular "Muzzle", pentagonal design Forge "and" round "Salt", "new" refectory with the Church of St. Spirit, a fraternal body, the "old" refectory, receiver and outbuildings.
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  • Simonov monastery where very friendly and unspoiled area is going through difficult times. In fact, simple it was not. Raids, time of troubles, closing, and finally, the destruction of the 30-ies of the 20 century have left us out of six temples in the name of only one of the Tikhvin icon of the mother of God. There are also three towers and partly destroyed cloisters and buildings. From come to us one third of the monastery now available one twentieth-remains of the necropolis and the lower church. The rest of the landslide in the worst traditions of Moscow. But recently, there could be a walk and speculate where the same was Lysine pond, the establishment of which had a hand Saint Sergius of Radonezh. Community, which handed over the temple especial-here are going deaf and hard of hearing congregants. But in the temple always finds a good soul who will tell you the history of the monastery. See, unfortunately, today can be quite a bit.
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  • Little remains of the famous monastery of 14 century. A piece of wall, Watchtower, Chapel, refectory. What a pity. Old paintings draw us a huge complex. He was replaced by the House of culture ZIL and other buildings from the Soviet era. Specially stopped see but particularly interesting not found.
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