Church of St. Nicholas, Moscow

4.1
#232 of 401 in Historic Sites in Moscow
Church of Saint Nicholas in Khamovniki is a late 17th-century parish church of a former weavers sloboda in Khamovniki District of Moscow. The church is a federal listed memorial building. It marks the corner of present-day Komsomolsky Prospect and Leo Tolstoy Street, two blocks beyond the Garden Ring. The church yard occupies a whole block between Leo Tolstoy and Timur Frunze streets and includes a row of small old houses.HistoryFirst records of a presumably wooden church on this site are dated 1625. The main five-domed church was built in 1679-1682; bell tower and refectory were completed around 1694. Present day church sources claim that the bell tower in Khamovniki is one of the highest tent-style bell towers in Moscow region. In 1757 the builders added a side annex dedicated to Saint Dmitry of Rostov.The church is an example of late Muscovite Baroque that preceded short-lived Naryshkin Baroque of the 1690s. It belongs to a numerous class of bonfire temples (огненные храмы) – church buildings without three internal load-bearing columns, crowned with layers of small circular kokoshnik-type gables. Each gable is a symbol of a heavenly fire (biblical thrones – angels or seraphs); a tightly packed group of gables is an architectural metaphor for the Throne of God. Small decorative columns "supporting" the lower level gables are an indicator of a Western influence in a typically vernacular building.
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  • The first wooden church of Saint Nicholas Church at this place appeared during the reign of Ivan the terrible. The year 1619 wooden church with several times burned and restored by means of parishioners, and from 1657, she mentioned how stone. And when the Rozhdestvenke was formed Zvonarskaja Sloboda Church got the name "Nikola Zvonari", in which was enshrined in the year 1677. In the year 1760 the money count Vorontsov architect Karl Blank was started the construction of a new stone church. Construction continued until the year 1781. In 1930-ies the temple was closed and remodeled under the warehouse; then there was Chair of the picture, which is near the Moscow architectural Institute. In 1996 year Patriarch Alexy II decided to create compound Pjuhteckogo monastery in Moscow, and as the main temple for a farmstead was elected exactly the Temple of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker in Zvonari. So briefly about the history of this temple.
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  • The church is stunning, and the service is impressive, even if you do not believe in God. You will see how ordinary Russian express their faith in a manner that is quite moving. It is a very non-touri...  more »
  • Shrine requires reconstruction but whatever it was I went and put a candle! great place! think and reflect!
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