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Kholmsk

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Kholmsk, known until 1946 as Maoka, is a port town and the administrative center of Kholmsky District of Sakhalin Oblast, Russia. It is located on the southwest coast of the Sakhalin Island, on coast of the gulf of Nevelsky in the Strait of Tartary of the Sea of Japan, 83km west of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk. Population:HistoryIt was founded in 1870 as a military post. After the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905, it was transferred to Japanese control, along with the rest of southern Sakhalin, under the Treaty of Portsmouth. The Japanese renamed it Maoka, translating roughly as True Hill.On August 20, 1945, a combined marine battalion and the 113th infantry brigade landed in Port Maoka. They were preceded by a group of scouts, landed secretively by submarine Sh-118, in the Maoka area to successfully complete their task. However, Japanese resistance was desperate, and the landing party had to fight particularly fiercely. Japanese fire set one of the coastguard vessels on fire, to which the Russian response was intense naval bombardment of the town, causing more civilian deaths. It is known as Maoka Massacre.On August 20, after Japan's surrender, fearing that they would be raped by the invading Soviet troops, nine of the twelve female operators at the Maoka post office poisoned themselves. Three were saved by male colleagues' intervention. The survivors at the post officewere treated well by the Soviets.
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