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Avachinsky Volcano, Kamchatka Krai

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Volcano Nature / Park
Avachinsky is an active stratovolcano on the Kamchatka Peninsula in the far east of Russia. It lies within sight of the capital of Kamchatka Krai, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. Together with neighboring Koryaksky volcano, it has been designated a Decade Volcano, worthy of particular study in light of its history of explosive eruptions and proximity to populated areas.Avachinsky's last eruption occurred in 2008. This eruption was tiny compared to the volcano's major Volcanic Explosivity Index 4 eruption in 1945.Geological historyAvachinsky lies on the Pacific Ring of Fire, at a point where the Pacific Plate is sliding underneath the Eurasian Plate at a rate of about 80 mm/year. A wedge of mantle material lying between the subducting Pacific Plate and the overlying Eurasian Plate is the source of dynamic volcanism over the whole Kamchatka Peninsula.The volcano is one of the most active volcanoes on the Kamchatka Peninsula, and began erupting in the middle to late Pleistocene era. It has a horseshoe-shaped caldera, which formed 30-40,000 years ago in a major landslide which covered an area of 500 km² south of the volcano, underlying the city of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. Reconstruction of a new cone inside the caldera occurred in two major eruption phases, 18,000 and 7,000 years ago.
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  • I had one of the most memorable experience in Kamchatka. (One of the most luxurious and enjoyable camping experience in my life d^.^b) We visited many fantastic places in our total 18 days stay in Kam...  more »
  • If the weather is good and you can see the scenery it is the best day trip you can make. The views are stunning, much better than mutnovski, gorely and others.  more »
  • Koryaksky and Avachinsky volcanoes are sooo beautiful! When you land in Petropavlovsk, they are the first thing you see - they greet you! They are "domestic" volcanoes for Kamchatka people. You can cl...  more »