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Trip Planner Europe  /  Russia  /  Central Russia  /  Kaluga Oblast  /  Kaluga

Kaluga

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Kaluga is a city and the administrative center of Kaluga Oblast, Russia, located on the Oka River 150km southwest of Moscow. Population:HistoryKaluga, founded in the mid-14th century as a border fortress on the southwestern borders of the Grand Duchy of Moscow, first appears in the historical record in chronicles in the 14th century as Koluga; the name comes from Old Russian kaluga - "bog, quagmire". In the Middle Ages Kaluga was a minor settlement owned by the Princes Vorotynsky. The ancestral home of these princes lies southwest of the modern city.On 19 January 1777 the Kaluga drama theatre opened its first theatrical season, established with the direct participation of the Governor-General M. N. Krechetnikov.Kaluga is connected to Moscow by a railway line and by the ancient roadway, the Kaluga Road (now partly within Moscow (as Starokaluzhskoye Shosse - the Old Kaluga Highway), partly the A101 road). This road offered Napoleon his favored escape route from the Moscow trap in the fall of 1812. But General Kutuzov repelled Napoleon's advances in this direction and forced the retreating French army onto the old Smolensk road, previously devastated by the French during their invasion of Russia.
Kaluga is in Kaluga Oblast. Plan how to spend your time in Kaluga and other destinations in Russia using our Russia online travel route planner .
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Popular things to do in Kaluga

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Duration: 1​h 30​min
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Duration: 30​min
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Duration: 1​h 30​min

Side trips from Kaluga

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Duration: 2​h 30​min
2.1
Duration: 8​h
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Duration: 4​h
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Duration: 2​h 30​min

Museums in Kaluga

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Duration: 1​h 30​min
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Duration: 1​h 30​min
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Duration: 1​h 30​min

Hidden gems in Kaluga

Fun & Games in Kaluga

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Duration: 4​h
4.4
Duration: 1​h 30​min
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Duration: 4​h

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Recently planned trips to Kaluga

2 days in Kaluga BY A USER FROM RUSSIA July, popular sights PREFERENCES: July ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 30 days in Central Russia BY A USER FROM ITALY July, fast-paced, hidden gems PREFERENCES: July ATTRACTION STYLE: Hidden gems PACE: Fast-paced 30 days in Central Russia BY A USER FROM ITALY July, fast-paced, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: July ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Fast-paced 14 days in Russia BY A USER FROM SINGAPORE May, hidden gems PREFERENCES: May ATTRACTION STYLE: Hidden gems PACE: Medium 2 days in Kaluga BY A USER FROM RUSSIA May, historic sites, museums, fast-paced, popular sights PREFERENCES: May, historic sites, museums ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Fast-paced 53 days in Russia BY A USER FROM RUSSIA May, culture, outdoors, relaxing, historic sites, museums, shopping, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: May, culture, outdoors, relaxing, historic sites, museums, shopping ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Medium 22 days in Russia BY A USER FROM RUSSIA May, outdoors, historic sites, wildlife, fast-paced, hidden gems PREFERENCES: May, outdoors, historic sites, wildlife ATTRACTION STYLE: Hidden gems PACE: Fast-paced 60 days in Russia BY A USER FROM HONG KONG May, culture, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites, museums, shopping, wildlife, slow & easy, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: May, culture, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites, museums, shopping, wildlife ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Slow & easy 51 days in Bolgar & Central Russia BY A USER FROM RUSSIA June, teens, culture, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites, shopping, wildlife, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: June, teens, culture, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites, shopping, wildlife ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Medium 9 days in Kaluga Oblast BY A USER FROM RUSSIA April, popular sights PREFERENCES: April ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 22 days in Russia BY A USER FROM CANADA June, culture, outdoors, historic sites, fast-paced, hidden gems PREFERENCES: June, culture, outdoors, historic sites ATTRACTION STYLE: Hidden gems PACE: Fast-paced 31 days in Russia BY A USER FROM CZECH REPUBLIC September, outdoors, beaches, wildlife, slow & easy, hidden gems PREFERENCES: September, outdoors, beaches, wildlife ATTRACTION STYLE: Hidden gems PACE: Slow & easy
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