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Trip Planner Europe  /  Russia  /  Central Russia  /  Kaluga Oblast  /  Kaluga

Kaluga

4.2
Kaluga is a city and the administrative center of Kaluga Oblast, Russia, located on the Oka River 150km southwest of Moscow. Population:HistoryKaluga, founded in the mid-14th century as a border fortress on the southwestern borders of the Grand Duchy of Moscow, first appears in the historical record in chronicles in the 14th century as Koluga; the name comes from Old Russian kaluga - "bog, quagmire". In the Middle Ages Kaluga was a minor settlement owned by the Princes Vorotynsky. The ancestral home of these princes lies southwest of the modern city.On 19 January 1777 the Kaluga drama theatre opened its first theatrical season, established with the direct participation of the Governor-General M. N. Krechetnikov.Kaluga is connected to Moscow by a railway line and by the ancient roadway, the Kaluga Road (now partly within Moscow (as Starokaluzhskoye Shosse - the Old Kaluga Highway), partly the A101 road). This road offered Napoleon his favored escape route from the Moscow trap in the fall of 1812. But General Kutuzov repelled Napoleon's advances in this direction and forced the retreating French army onto the old Smolensk road, previously devastated by the French during their invasion of Russia.
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Popular things to do in Kaluga

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4.1
Duration: 1h 30 min
4.6
Duration: 30 minutes
4.2
Duration: 1h 30 min

Side trips from Kaluga

3.2
Duration: 8 hours
3.8
Duration: 4 hours
4.6
Duration: 2h 30 min
4.7
Duration: 1h 30 min

Museums in Kaluga

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4.0
Duration: 1h 30 min
4.7
Duration: 1h 30 min
4.8
Duration: 1h 30 min

Hidden gems in Kaluga

4.9
Duration: 1h 30 min
4.9
Duration: 1h 30 min
4.6
Duration: 1h 30 min

Parks in Kaluga

4.3
Duration: 30 minutes
3.3
Duration: 1h 30 min
3.3
Duration: 30 minutes

Where to stay in Kaluga

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Recently planned trips to Kaluga

4 days in Kaluga & Tula BY A USER FROM GERMANY August, kids, culture, beaches, historic sites, slow & easy, popular & hidden gems Preferences: August, kids, culture, beaches, historic sites Attraction style: Popular & hidden gems Pace: Slow & easy 3 days in Kaluga BY A USER FROM PHILIPPINES January, popular sights Preferences: January Attraction style: Popular sights Pace: Medium 2 days in Kaluga BY A USER FROM PHILIPPINES January, popular sights Preferences: January Attraction style: Popular sights Pace: Medium 60 days in Central Russia BY A USER FROM INDONESIA April, fast-paced, hidden gems Preferences: April Attraction style: Hidden gems Pace: Fast-paced 60 days in Central Russia BY A USER FROM INDONESIA April, fast-paced, popular sights Preferences: April Attraction style: Popular sights Pace: Fast-paced 2 days in Kaluga BY A USER FROM RUSSIA March, culture, historic sites, museums, popular sights Preferences: March, culture, historic sites, museums Attraction style: Popular sights Pace: Medium 14 days in Kaluga BY A USER FROM SWEDEN June, culture, historic sites, museums, wildlife, slow & easy, popular & hidden gems Preferences: June, culture, historic sites, museums, wildlife Attraction style: Popular & hidden gems Pace: Slow & easy 14 days in Kaluga BY A USER FROM SWEDEN June, culture, historic sites, museums, wildlife, slow & easy, popular & hidden gems Preferences: June, culture, historic sites, museums, wildlife Attraction style: Popular & hidden gems Pace: Slow & easy 56 days in Central Russia BY A USER FROM UNITED KINGDOM July, kids, popular sights Preferences: July, kids Attraction style: Popular sights Pace: Medium 2 days in Kaluga BY A USER FROM RUSSIA July, popular sights Preferences: July Attraction style: Popular sights Pace: Medium 30 days in Central Russia BY A USER FROM ITALY July, fast-paced, hidden gems Preferences: July Attraction style: Hidden gems Pace: Fast-paced 30 days in Central Russia BY A USER FROM ITALY July, fast-paced, popular & hidden gems Preferences: July Attraction style: Popular & hidden gems Pace: Fast-paced
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