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Baskunchak Lake, Akhtubinsk

(4.5/5 based on 80+ reviews on the web)
Lake Baskunchak is a salt lake of 115 km² in Astrakhan Oblast, Russia, located at, about 270 km north of the Caspian Sea, and 53 km east of the Volga. Since 1997 the area is strictly protected as part of the Bogdinsko-Baskunchakski Nature Reserve.The surface elevation of the lake is 21 m below sea level. It is fed by a river that draws from an area of 11,000 km². The salinity of the lake is about 300 g/l. Since the 8th century its salt was mined and distributed via the Silk Road. Nowadays the lake's salt of distinct purity covers 80% of Russia's salt production. Depending on need, about 1.5 million to 5 million tons of salt are mined per year.To the south of the lake Mount Bolshoye Bogdo rises to 150 m above sea level, forming the highest elevation in the Caspian Depression. The hill is pushed up about 1 mm per year by a salt dome. Sinkholes, and Karst caves of up to 1.5 km length lead through the hill. It also is the only area in Europe where Triassic lagerstätten surface. To the local Kalmyk people, it is a holy hill.
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  • Ideal for the amateurs of extreme rest. Hot, salted and not comfortable. Once you visit, but just do not want to return.
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  • You can remove the housing, available as expensive and economy. Medicinal properties of salts contained in the waters of the Lake the hugest range of healing. Very impressive: under the poljashhem Sun, white shores of salt. The water in the Lake from high concentrations of salt has a higher density. So swim not necessarily-you just lie on the poverhnoste. Come for the exotic and improve their health.
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  • Go to the Lake be sure once or twice a year during the summer. At the baskunchak come from all over the country and not only. Many people are cured of chronic disease. It is a pity that there are no conditions for their stay and sanatorium treatment, despite a very popular place.
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