Trip Planner : Europe / Romania / Transylvania / Northwest Romania / Salaj County / Zalau / Historic Sites / Porolissum
Categories: Ruins, Tourist Spots
Porolissum was an ancient Roman city in Dacia. Established as a military camp in 106 during Trajan's Dacian Wars, the city quickly grew through trade with the native Dacians and became the capital of the province Dacia Porolissensis in 124. The site is one of the largest and best-preserved archaeological sites in modern-day Romania. It is 8 km away from the modern city of Zalău, in Jac village, Creaca Commune, Sălaj County.HistoryIn 106, at the beginning of his second war against the Dacians, Emperor Trajan established a military stronghold at the site to defend the main passageway through the Carpathian mountains. The fort, initially built of wood on stone foundations, was garrisoned with 5000 auxiliary troops transferred from Spain, Gaul and Britain. Even though the name Porolissum appears to be Dacian in origin, archaeologists have so far uncovered no evidence of a Dacian settlement preceding the Roman fort.In the following decades, the fort was enlarged and rebuilt in stone (possibly under the reign of Marcus Aurelius), and a civilian settlement developed around the military center. When Hadrian created the new province Dacia Porolissensis (named for the now sizable city) in 124, Porolissum became the administrative center of the province. Under emperor Septimius Severus, the city was granted municipium status, allowing its leaders and merchants to act independently. Although the Romans withdrew from Dacia in 271 under Aurelian and the city was abandoned by its founders, archaeological evidence shows that it remained inhabited for several centuries afterwards.Before you head to Zalau, plan trip itinerary details with our user-friendly Zalau tourist route planner, to make sure you see all that Zalau has to offer, including Porolissum.
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De deels gerestaureerde Romeinse nederzetting is het bezoek meer dan waard mits je een gids mee hebt en de tijd neemt om je te verdiepen in de geschiedenis. De locatie is niet geschikt voor mensen die... read more »The partially restored Roman settlement is more than worth the visit provided you have a guide and taking the time to delve into the history. The location is not suitable for people with walking difficulties because you must properly ascending and descending to see. The most impressive parts of the ruins are the gate and the theatre. These are partly restored. There are also outside the walls to find foundations of houses, etc. with on signs what it was and what was being done. Tip: provide a guide Tip 2: make for good walking shoes and associated condition.show original
Porolissum, jelentős védelmi pontja volt a Római Birodalmat védő katonai erődítményeknek. A Meszes kaput védte a barbároktól. Nemcsak katonai tábor ,hanem jelentős város épült itt ki, melyet a várható... read more »Porolissum, major defence point was to protect the Roman Empire's military fortifications. The Calcareous Gates defended the barbároktól. Not only military camp, but a major city was built here by the more recent excavations are expected lelertekkel its very foundation.show original
This historic site is worth visiting. There are many amazing things to see and the views are to die for. However some things could be improved. If you are visiting pop in to the local pub "Casa Romana... read more »
Adrian PodarI crossed the border (the Roman Empire) without a passport! : A great place) which is harnessed! Congratulations to the parties involved!show original
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