Trip Planner:   Europe  /  Romania  /  Transylvania  /  Northwest Romania  /  Salaj County  /  Zalau  /  Historic Sites  /  Porolissum
Porolissum, Zalau
(3.8/5 based on 20+ reviews on the web)
Porolissum was an ancient Roman city in Dacia. Established as a military camp in 106 during Trajan's Dacian Wars, the city quickly grew through trade with the native Dacians and became the capital of the province Dacia Porolissensis in 124. The site is one of the largest and best-preserved archaeological sites in modern-day Romania. It is 8 km away from the modern city of Zalău, in Jac village, Creaca Commune, Sălaj County.HistoryIn 106, at the beginning of his second war against the Dacians, Emperor Trajan established a military stronghold at the site to defend the main passageway through the Carpathian mountains. The fort, initially built of wood on stone foundations, was garrisoned with 5000 auxiliary troops transferred from Spain, Gaul and Britain. Even though the name Porolissum appears to be Dacian in origin, archaeologists have so far uncovered no evidence of a Dacian settlement preceding the Roman fort.In the following decades, the fort was enlarged and rebuilt in stone (possibly under the reign of Marcus Aurelius), and a civilian settlement developed around the military center. When Hadrian created the new province Dacia Porolissensis (named for the now sizable city) in 124, Porolissum became the administrative center of the province. Under emperor Septimius Severus, the city was granted municipium status, allowing its leaders and merchants to act independently. Although the Romans withdrew from Dacia in 271 under Aurelian and the city was abandoned by its founders, archaeological evidence shows that it remained inhabited for several centuries afterwards.
Before you head to Zalau, plan trip itinerary details with our user-friendly Zalau tourist route planner, to make sure you see all that Zalau has to offer, including Porolissum.
Source
Create a full Zalau itinerary
map

Plan your trip to Zalau

  • Get a personalized plan

    A complete day-by-day itinerary
    based on your preferences
  • Customize it

    Refine your plan. We'll find the
    best routes and schedules
  • Book it

    Choose from the best hotels
    and activities. Up to 50% off
  • Manage it

    Everything in one place.
    Everyone on the same page.

Plans in Northwest Romania by other users

29 days in Europe BY A USER FROM AUSTRALIA June, popular PREFERENCES: June ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 8 days in Romania BY A USER FROM PORTUGAL July, culture, outdoors, romantic, historic sites, museums, fast-paced, popular PREFERENCES: July, culture, outdoors, romantic, historic sites, museums ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Fast-paced 10 days in Canada & Europe BY A USER FROM CANADA June, culture, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites, popular PREFERENCES: June, culture, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 19 days in Romania BY A USER FROM EGYPT June, culture, outdoors, historic sites, museums, shopping, slow & easy, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: June, culture, outdoors, historic sites, museums, shopping ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Slow & easy 3 days in Cluj-Napoca BY A USER FROM NEW ZEALAND March, fast-paced, popular PREFERENCES: March ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Fast-paced 12 days in Transylvania BY A USER FROM AUSTRALIA March, popular PREFERENCES: March ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 15 days in Europe BY A USER FROM ROMANIA July, slow & easy, popular PREFERENCES: July ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Slow & easy 15 days in Europe BY A USER FROM ROMANIA July, popular PREFERENCES: July ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 16 days in Europe BY A USER FROM ROMANIA July, culture, outdoors, beaches, historic sites, slow & easy, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: July, culture, outdoors, beaches, historic sites ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Slow & easy 21 days in Romania BY A USER FROM SAUDI ARABIA April, relaxing, slow & easy, hidden gems PREFERENCES: April, relaxing ATTRACTION STYLE: Hidden gems PACE: Slow & easy 34 days in Romania BY A USER FROM ISRAEL January, popular PREFERENCES: January ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 8 days in Transylvania BY A USER FROM SWEDEN July, culture, outdoors, historic sites, museums, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: July, culture, outdoors, historic sites, museums ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Medium
View more plans
Reviews
TripAdvisor
  • We hope the amazing and we found a Museum without anything else ... what a shame! No signage, no signs explaining, without references or someone
    View original
  • The partially restored Roman settlement is more than worth the visit provided you have a guide and taking the time to delve into the history. The location is not suitable for people with walking difficulties because you must properly ascending and descending to see. The most impressive parts of the ruins are the gate and the theatre. These are partly restored. There are also outside the walls to find foundations of houses, etc. with on signs what it was and what was being done. Tip: provide a guide Tip 2: make for good walking shoes and associated condition.
    View original
  • Porolissum, major defence point was to protect the Roman Empire's military fortifications. The Calcareous Gates defended the barbároktól. Not only military camp, but a major city was built here by the more recent excavations are expected lelertekkel its very foundation.
    View original
Google
  • Spectacular 2000 years city.
  • I crossed the border (the Roman Empire) without a passport! : A great place) which is harnessed! Congratulations to the parties involved!
    View original