The Teleki-Bolyai Library, Tirgu Mures

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The Teleki Library, also known as Teleki-Bolyai Library and Bibliotheca Telekiana, is a historic public library and current museum in Târgu-Mureş, Romania. One of the richest Transylvanian collections of cultural artefacts, it was founded by the Hungarian Count Sámuel Teleki in 1802, at the time when Transylvania was part of the Habsburg Monarchy, and has been open to the reading public ever since. It was among the first institutions of its kind in the Habsburg-ruled Kingdom of Hungary.It houses over 200,000 volumes, of which many are rarities, constituting a comprehensive scientific database. The book collection is divided into several smaller libraries, of which the two main donations are the original 40,000-volume Teleki Library and the 80,000-volume Bolyai Library; the rest, grouped as the Miscellaneous Collection, is made up of several private libraries, volumes previously held by religious schools and those of a Franciscan monastery. Overall, the library constitutes a collection of most traditional types of Transylvanian book.HistoryIts founder, Count Sámuel Teleki de Szék was one of the most learned book collectors of the time. From the very beginning, he intended his collection as a public library, and developed it throughout his life; he remained a committed and active bibliophile despite his time-consuming administrative career — he was Chancellor of Transylvania from 1791 until his death — building on his relations with all important European printing and publishing houses, and purchasing all important works published between the invention of the movable type and the early 19th century.
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  • Romanian fortresses cover huge areas and house a lot of modern businesses as well as churches etc. An interesting feature is that different sections were maintained by different town guilds - eg Butch...  more »
  • The library has a wonderful collection of books, even first edition; really interesting the area of the library focused on Bolyai, one of the founders of non-Euclidean geometry. There are book guides ...  more »
  • After a short information about the history of the library, by the way, formerly a private, we might consider the issued copies. Even explanations of the Ramses Glph were among them.
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